The Federalists Vs. Jeffersonian Republicans Essay

The Federalists Vs. Jeffersonian Republicans Essay

Length: 1735 words (5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

When the American Revolution ended, the new nation faced many obstacles. Dealing with the questions of how much power to give the government, how to deal with overwhelming war debt, and how to run a new, independent country all posed a threat if not handled properly. This eventually led to the division of two groups, the Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republicans, who had many conflicting views. As time went on, domestic and foreign affairs throughout the 1790’s increased the tension between the two parties and distinctively separated them. Even though many people, including George Washington, warned these two groups that this split would hurt the country, their different views were too strong to come to a settlement. Throughout the 1790s, many domestic and foreign affairs impacted the way the Federalists and Jeffersonian Republicans divided into two distinctive political parties; this rift is seen in every decision made and every affair including the French Revolution, Jay’s Treaty, XYZ Affair, and the Alien and Sedition Acts.
The Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists were two political parties with different views about the Constitution and its powers. The two groups did not agree on foreign relations, economic policies, and the amount of power to give the government (Purcell 2). Alexander Hamilton became the leader of the Federalists after coming up with a plan for the government to get out of the major war debt they were in. He was Pro-British and advocated for the wealthy and educated men. He favored a loose construction of the Constitution, and wanted to use the implied powers to build the government as the leaders saw fit. He favored reading the Constitution between the lines, and preferred order over liberty. Tho...


... middle of paper ...


...unconstitutional. The Alien and Sedition Acts would finally be repealed when Jefferson would become President (“Federalist Disorder” 6). Federalists wanted to pass these laws to create order in the nation.
Throughout the 1790s, the United States struggled as a country to gain stability both within the states and with foreign affairs. When leaders had many differences of opinions, a divide in the nation occurred which caused the development of the two political parties, the Federalists and the Jeffersonian Republicans. These two parties would make domestic and foreign affairs a lot more difficult to handle, but in the end the country would be able to pull through and stick together. Between the French Revolution, Jay’s Treaty, the XYZ Affair, and the Alien and Sedition Acts in the 1790s, the United States had a lot of issues to work through in order to gain solidity.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Jeffersonian Republicans And Federalists

- By 1817 the great American experiment was in full swing. America was developing into an effective democratic nation. However as the democracy continued to grow, two opposing political parties developed, the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists. The Jeffersonian Republicans believed in strong state governments, a weak central government, and a strict interpretation of the Constitution. The Federalists saw it differently. They opted for a powerful central government with weaker state governments, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution....   [tags: American History]

Strong Essays
1197 words (3.4 pages)

Jeffersonian Republicans Vs. Federalists Essay

- As the young colonies of America broke away from their mother country and began to grow and develop into an effective democratic nation, many changes occurred. As the democracy began to grow, two main political parties developed, the Jeffersonian Republicans and the Federalists. Each party had different views on how the government should be run. The Jeffersonian Republicans believed in strong state governments, a weak central government, and a strict construction of the Constitution. The Federalists opted for a powerful central government with weaker state governments, and a loose interpretation of the Constitution....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
1170 words (3.3 pages)

Polital Division Between the Federalists and the Republicans Essay

- Although national political parties were considered “divisive and disloyal”, the first two-party system of the United States, Hamiltonian-Federalists and Jeffersonian Republicans, emerged during George Washington’s administration. The political division was later sharpened with Jay’s Treaty. They differ from each other in various aspects. Nevertheless, the political turbulent during the 1790s greatly expanded the public sphere. The Federalists, led by Alexander Hamilton, believed in supremacy of national government, broad and loose interpretation of the Constitution, and commercial and industrial development....   [tags: british, constitution, taxation]

Strong Essays
634 words (1.8 pages)

Jeffersonian Republicans Essay

- Jeffersonian Republicans With respect to the federal constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. To what extent was this characterization of the two parties accurate during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison. Before 1801, the Jeffersonian Republicans were usually strict constructionists of the constitution. However during the presidencies of Jefferson and Madison they had to adopt some Federalist ideas....   [tags: American History USA Government Essays Papers]

Strong Essays
723 words (2.1 pages)

Jeffersonian-Republicans Essay

- The Jeffersonian-Republicans (also known as the Democratic-Republicans) were opposed to the Federalists from before 1801-1817. Leaders Thomas Jefferson and James Madison created the party in order to oppose the economic and foreign policies of Alexander Hamilton and the Federalist Party. The Democratic-Republicans supported the French, whereas the Federalists supported the British. Each party had its set of views. The Federalists supported a loose interpretation of the Constitution, a strong central government, high tariffs, a navy, military spending, a national debt, and a national bank (all ideas of the Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton)....   [tags: Political Science]

Free Essays
1136 words (3.2 pages)

Jeffersonian Republicans Essay

- JEFFERSONIAN DEMOCRACY Looking back on the election of 1800, Thomas Jefferson described it as being "as real a revolution in the principles of our government as that of 1776 was in its form; not effected indeed by the sword, as that, but by the rational and peaceable instrument of reform, the suffrage of the people." Jefferson saw his election as reversing an earlier trend away from republicanism. The departure from true republican principles, as he judged it, had begun with the economic policies of Alexander Hamilton favoring financial and manufacturing interests and the strengthening of the national government at the expense of the states....   [tags: Political Science]

Free Essays
1079 words (3.1 pages)

The Federalist And Jeffersonian Republican Political Platforms Essay

- The Federalist and Jeffersonian Republican political platforms were based on opposing views of a central government, adherence to the Constitution, development of a national debt, economic development, and alliances. Each party based their platform decisions on the needs and experiences of the people who supported them. The Federalist had a desire for a more central powerful government based on their fear of anarchy and mob rule as they had seen by the French in the French Revolutionary War....   [tags: United States, Thomas Jefferson, U.S. state]

Strong Essays
872 words (2.5 pages)

Federalists Essays

- The early years of the Constitution of the United States were full of political strife. The two prominent political ideals were complete opposites. The Jeffersonian Republicans were focused on giving power to the people and maintaining a pastoral economy, while the Federalists supported the control of the government by the elite class, and maintaining “positive” democracy. Both parties feared the influence and effect the other party would have on the public. In Linda K. Kerber's article, “The Fears of the Federalists”, the major concerns Federalists held in the early 19th century are described....   [tags: U.S. Politics ]

Strong Essays
1009 words (2.9 pages)

Federalists VS Jeffersoneans Essay

- Federalists VS Jeffersoneans With respect to the federal Constitution, the Jeffersonian Republicans are usually characterized as strict constructionists who were opposed to the broad constructionism of the Federalists. As history dictates, this is found to be substantially accurate. Federalists were firm believers in the production of a strong central government and a broad interpretation of the Constitution. However, the Democratic Republicans believed that the government should follow a strict interpretation of the Constitution and held the idea that this would allow honest representation of the people and prevent government corruption....   [tags: essays papers]

Strong Essays
707 words (2 pages)

Essay JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANISM

- JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANISM After the extreme partisanship of 1800, it was expected by supporters and foes alike that the presidential administration of Thomas Jefferson would pioneer substantial and even radical changes. The federal government was now in the hands of a relentless man and a persistent party that planned to diminish its size and influence. But although he overturned the principal Federalist domestic and foreign policies, Thomas Jefferson generally pursued the course as a chief executive, quoting his inaugural address “We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.” With true republicans warming most of the seats of power throughout the branches, except in the Judiciary,...   [tags: essays papers]

Strong Essays
2053 words (5.9 pages)