The Federalists And Anti Federalists Essay

The Federalists And Anti Federalists Essay

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The texts of the Federalists and Anti-federalists, Tocqueville and black American statesmen/intellectuals provide alternative regime perspectives because they are all points of views from outside of the American polity. The Federalists and Anti-Federalists are the founders who present new meanings to the current understanding of the Constitution. Tocqueville is the alien who analyzes democracy in America, questioning the elements of democracy that make a good government. The black American intellectuals are luminal figures that comment on the social injustice of the world we live in.
In their debate over the ratification of the Constitution, the Federalists and the Anti-federalists present an alternative regime perspective on what the Constitution and the American government is believed to be today. A criticism the Anti-federalists had of the Constitution was that it was too vague. For instance, in regards to the nature of power, the Anti-federalists argue that the central government’s limitless power is dangerous because it is susceptible to abuse. However, Publius argues that “in every political institution, a power to advance the public happiness, involves a discretion which may be misapplied and abused” (Federalist, 252). Publius makes the case that power and the nature of power open ended and it can be used for good or evil. The Federalists do not give explicit explanations for what they mean because meanings of words are expected to change constantly. The Federalists intended for the Constitution to be living and evolving, which is often over looked by people. When talking about the Constitution the first thing that comes to mind is the Bill of Rights, but what people are unaware of is that the Federalists did not think a b...


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...e “Talented Tenth” specifically (Dubois, 104). Similarly, Douglass states that there is “hope in the thought” and that there “are forces in operation, which must inevitably, work the down fall” of this unjust system (Douglass, 29, 38). On the other hand, Coates, unlike the others does not seem to be hopeful of change, or rather he is not hopeful that white Americans will wake up from their dream or quit feigning ignorance on this issue. There is only a “small chance of the Dreamers coming into consciousness” (Coates, 146).
As outsiders of the American polity, the Federalists and Anti-federalists, Tocqueville, and the black American intellectuals/statesmen reveal what is often unnoticed by people today. Their texts not only inform people what is not already evident in society, but they spur people to reevaluate the nature of the democratic society that they live in.

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