The Federalists and Democratic-Republicans issues were rooted in their core difference of who should retain the most power in the government, and their disagreement on how the Constitution should be interpreted and executed. The Federalists believed that a strong central government was fundamentally necessary if the young United States was to survive and flourish. The Federalist knew that a successful nation needed to have a government that could control commerce, tax, make treaties, and even declare war. The Federalists were broad constructionists; they believed that if the Constitution did not specifically prohibit something, then it meant that they could do it. The Democratic-Republicans on the other hand feared a strong central government, they felt concentrating too much control in the federal government would lead to an abuse of power. The Democratic-Republicans we...
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...and loose interpretation of the Constitution led them to support the creation of the federal bank, the signing of Jay’s treaty and the passing and execution of the Alien and Sedition Acts which resulted in defeat on the 1800 election as the country exercised their right to vote. The Democratic-Federalists supported states rights, and were in disagreement with most of the Federalists policies, especially the passing and execution of the Alien and Sedition Acts which they felt was a direct violation of the citizens constitutional right to free speech. The country sided with the Democratic-Republicans, leading them to victory on the election of 1800. Even though these two factions had strong core disagreements in philosophy, it is undeniable that they both had the country’s best interest at heart, and desired nothing more than to see the nation grow and flourish.
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