Federalism Is A Political System Essay

Federalism Is A Political System Essay

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1. According to the text book American Government Institutions & Politics, Federalism is “a political system in which the national government shares power with local governments (state governments in the case of the United States),” (Wilson et al. 51). Federalism is system in which sharing of powers is shared between the different levels of government in the United States. These different levels of government are Federal, State, and Local. However, there are different theories associated with federalism. One idea is the layer cake theory. The layer cake theory states that each part of government is separate and have own authority. People who believe in the layer cake theory believe federal government is the only level responsible for worldwide issues, national defense, and currency. The state government will be responsible for state education. The local government is responsible for water, street department, police department, and fire department. Under the layer cake theory, federal government will not intervene in a state issue such as education, the state wouldn’t be responsible for local police departments, and local government will not be responsible for national defense. On the other hand, the marble cake theory believes all issues blend together and each level of government has some responsibility with all issues. For example, under the marble cake theory, education falls on majority at the state level, but local government regulates local school districts and federal government regulates that proper procedures are in school and that all state education is up to federal regulations. Another example is that when a governor declares state of emergency, the president at the federal level sends the National Guard. In the marb...


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... States Constitution had two plans. The Virginia Plan was put together by Edmund Randolph. The Virginia Plan favorite large states as the state population determined number of votes. The New Jersey plan of William Patterson called for equal number of votes per states and states as independent entitles. Roger Sherman drafted the Connecticut Compromise is why we have two Houses, One the Senate were each state has two Senators, and House of Representatives which are determined by State population. The Connecticut Compromise allow for both small States and large States to agree to the United States Constitution. The Constitution was signed in 1787, and is the highest document in the land of the United States of America. All American citizens, not just exchange students from other countries should understand the important characteristics of the United States Constitution.

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