This project will examine “welfare reform,” which was signified by the signing of the Personal
Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act (PRWOA) in 1996. PRWOA replaced the original welfare
act of 1935, titled Aid to Dependent Children (later changed to Aid to Families with Dependent
Children), with the program Temporary Assistance to needy Families (TANF). Under PRWOA, TANF
was instated as a system of block grants allocated to states to implement their own forms of
assistance and replaced programs like the cash-assistance program, Aid to Families with Dependent
Children, and the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training. The most influential change of this
legislation among others has been the implementation of required work hours and strict time limits
to how long families may receive aid, implying that people can simply will their way out of poverty
provided they work hard enough. While the significant fall of TANF cash assistance caseloads
within the program’s first five years has been celebrated as proof of reform’s success, the new era
of welfare can only be considered a success if America views the transformation of the welfare
poor to the working poor an achievement.
Review of the Literature:
In conducting my research, it was interesting to find dramatically divergent perspectives on the
topic of welfare reform, especially considering that each perspective gave the impression that their
argument was based on quantitative facts. The sources I consulted that were affiliated with the
federal government, such as statistics and fact sheets from the Administration for Children and
Families (ACF) as well as the Whitehouse website, were the most optim...
... middle of paper ...
...erg, Heidi. “Recent TANF Proposals Would Hinder Successful State Efforts to Help Families
Overcome Barriers to Employment and Find Better- Paying Jobs.” Center on Budget and Policy
Priorities. 9 May 2002.
Melendez, Edwin et al. “Community College Participation in Welfare Programs: Do State Policies
Matter?” Community College Journal of Research and Practice. 27.3 (2003).
Shipler, David K. The Working Poor: Invisible in America. Vintage Books. New York, 2004.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families.
Factsheets “Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF).” October 2003.
The White House. Office of the Press Secretary. Factsheet. “President Calls for Action on
Welfare Reform.” 14 January 2003.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Federal Welfare Reform: A Critical Perspective Abstract: This project will examine “welfare reform,” which was signified by the signing of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act (PRWOA) in 1996. PRWOA replaced the original welfare act of 1935, titled Aid to Dependent Children (later changed to Aid to Families with Dependent Children), with the program Temporary Assistance to needy Families (TANF). Under PRWOA, TANF was instated as a system of block grants allocated to states to implement their own forms of assistance and replaced programs like the cash-assistance program, Aid to Families with Dependent Children, and the Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training.... [tags: Poverty]
1639 words (4.7 pages)
- Welfare Definition: Health, happiness, and good fortune; well being - this is what the Constitution means by "the general welfare," and this is the sense in which governments have established "welfare" programs. The ferocious political backlash against these programs has made "welfare" synonymous with them. A word originally used to advertise them has itself become negatively charged; consider the changed meaning of "welfare state" and the coinage of "corporate welfare." The Public Welfare Foundation is a non-governmental grant-making organization dedicated to supporting organizations that provide services to disadvantaged populations and work for lasting improvements in the delivery of ser... [tags: welfare, health plans, cobra benefits]
932 words (2.7 pages)
- Today our welfare programs give out too much money and the systems need to be reformed again. In 1996 The Welfare Reform Act was enacted and it changed the entire program for the better. However, since then, the programs have become abused and need to be reformed again. Many of the people that receive state or federal funding have more luxury items than the average middle class family. The government should check-in on the families that are receiving assistance to make sure they actually need the assistance.... [tags: Welfare Reform Essays]
1730 words (4.9 pages)
- Welfare is the financial aid given by the government to citizens that are not making enough to support themselves and/or their family or even making no money at all. The welfare system was developed in the early 1800s and has been modified many times since it was first developed (Welfare Info). Over all of this time and all of the times the system has been changed, you would think that it should be close to flawless by now, right (Welfare Info). Wrong. The current welfare system is extremely abused and needs to be completely revised.... [tags: Unemployment, Welfare]
1231 words (3.5 pages)
- Welfare Reform Welfare is a public assistance program that provides at least a minimum amount of economic security to people whose incomes are insufficient to maintain an adequate standard of living. These programs generally include such benefits as financial aid to individuals, subsidized medical care, and stamps that are used to purchase food. The modern U.S. welfare system dates back to the Great Depression of the 1930’s. During the worst parts of the Depression, about one-fourth of the labor force was without work.... [tags: Social Welfare Retirement Economics Essays]
799 words (2.3 pages)
- Welfare "Welfare 's purpose should be to eliminate, as far as possible, the need for its own existence." Ronald Reagan said this statement on January of 1970 when the "Los Angeles Times" interviewed him (Williamson). Federal government funded welfare in the United States started in the 1930s during the Great Depression. Because of the vast numbers of people out of work and with insufficient funds to buy food for their families, President Franklin D. Roosevelt approved a program to give money to state governments for the purpose of making jobs so that unemployed people could work (Bill).... [tags: Welfare, Unemployment, Conditional Cash Transfer]
1847 words (5.3 pages)
- In today’s America, there are many people who would either be disgusted at the very mention of Welfare or be highly grateful for its existence. I believe that in order for welfare to be more effective in America, there must be reform. From the time of its inceptions in 1935, welfare has lent a helping hand to many in crisis (Constitution Rights Foundation). However, at present many programs within the system are being abused and the people who are in real need are being cheated out of assistance.... [tags: Unemployment, Welfare]
1609 words (4.6 pages)
- You can lead a horse to water but, if you don’t teach him to read, he won’t know its poison. This is exactly how the current welfare programs in the United States are run. The current Welfare Reform is failing due to Political indulgence in statistics, focusing on the percentage of individuals attaining employment instead of the quality of employee and employment. In order to be successful Welfare Reform must contain vocational education with proper job placement and fair sanctions on recipients.... [tags: welfare reform, caseload]
1085 words (3.1 pages)
- Welfare has been a safety net for many Americans, when the alternative for them is going without food and shelter. Over the years, the government has provided income for the unemployed, food assistance for the hungry, and health care for the poor. The federal government in the nineteenth century started to provide minimal benefits for the poor. During the twentieth century the United States federal government established a more substantial welfare system to help Americans when they most needed it.... [tags: Origins of Public Welfare Programs]
2743 words (7.8 pages)
- Welfare Reform "The U.S. Congress kicked off welfare reform nationwide last October with the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, heralding a new era in which welfare recipients are required to look for work as a condition of benefits." http://www.detnews.com/1997/newsx/welfare/rules/rules.htm. Originally, the welfare system was created to help poor men, women, and children who are in need of financial and medical assistance. Over the years, welfare has become a way of life for its recipients and has created a culture of dependency.... [tags: Welfare Essays]
2753 words (7.9 pages)