The concept of the hedgehog’s dilemma was first introduced by German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer. Schopenhauer proposed the idea that human intimacy works in the same way hedgehogs huddle together for warmth, the closer they get to one another the more they hurt one another. While the hedgehogs physically harm each other with their quills due to their close physical proximity, humans hurt each other emotionally once they reach a certain degree of emotional closeness. Because of our fear of emotional devastation, we often develop a fear of intimacy. Schopenhauer’s theory achieved even wider exposure after Sigmund Freud introduced it into the study of psychology in the early 1900s, giving it the name it is now commonly known by.
The marriage of Tom and Daisy Buchanan is arguably the most tumultuous relationship within the novel. Tom spends his time with two different women, both his wife Daisy and a mistress by the name of Myrtle Wilson. Tom’s division of time between the two allows him to refrain from reaching any significant level of emotional intimacy with either w...
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...t least “half in love with her” (177). Nick actions during and after he and Jordan’s separation suggest that he is trying to repress and avoid memories of her that might harm him. He claims to not “know which of us hung up with a sharp click, but [he] knows [that he] didn’t care” after the phone call that officially ends their relationship, and later during an in-person conversation with Jordan, “talked over and around what had happened to us together” (155, 177). Of all the characters in the novel, it is possible that Jordan Baker is the only one to directly address the fear that plagues them all. It certainly like that is what she is implying in her last conversation with Nick, stating: “You said a bad driver was only safe until she met a bad driver? Well, I met another bad driver, didn’t I?” the bad drivers, in this case, being those with a fear of intimacy (177).
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Profound Narrative Point of View in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s "The Great Gatsby" and Franz Kafka’s “The Metamorphosis”
- In the popular literary works of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby and Franz Kafka’s novella “The Metamorphosis,” we are given examples of the importance of a profound narrative point of view in creating an integral depth to the author’s story and enchanting its characters. Through key placement of well-rounded characters, both works of art succeed in creating a perfect narrative point of view which illuminates their stories in emotionally moving ways. The Great Gatsby’s Nick Carraway, plays the role of a secondary character in most of the novel.... [tags: F. Scott Fitzgerald, Great Gatsby, Franz Kafka, Me]
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