Fear, by definition, is “an unpleasant emotional state consisting of psychological and psychophysiological response to a real external threat or danger” (Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health). This evolutionary response keeps people from doing something dangerous, or otherwise harmful. Fear has a number of triggers, including the presence of danger, generalization of a traumatic event, and even some chemical and sounds. Fear is a necessary function for survival and by better researching it, fear can be better understood. The questions that need to be asked and answered are: how does fear present itself, what are the causes of fear, when does a fear becomes irrational and turn into a phobia, and how can a person condition themselves to overcome or cope with fear?
Fundamentally, fear is an evolutionary response to danger or discomfort. Biologically, this response comes from stimulation of the amygdala, which receives external stimuli perceived by the brain and decides whether or not this stimuli is dangerous. After the stimulus is interpreted by the amygdala as harmful, the feeling of fear and dread is then experienced. However, this center of the brain, like almost every other center of the brain, can be deceived into believing false stimuli.
Surprisingly, there is a large amount of substances or sounds that can instill fear. The most basic of these chemicals is sweat. The presence of sweat, or even the smell of it, makes the brain interpret that there danger near and fear is experienced as a result. Dopamine is a common neurochemical that is associated usually with love, affection and good feelings. However, if this chemical is injected or finds its way to certain...
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...ddly enough, for a disease that baffles scientist on a true cause and origin, we actually know a lot of ways to prevent and control anxiety. Most of these are mental and physical exercises in order to better control the feeling and onset of anxiety. These are exercises such as deep breathing exercises in order to better control and normalize breathing. Physically, it’s also important to stay away from risky substances such as alcohol, drugs, and caffeine. It is also suggested to be on a daily exercise regiment and to talk to someone as the problems arise. Certain medications can also be very helpful in controlling these uncomfortable feelings. Most of these medications, like Xanax are cross-sectioned for other diseases such as Depression. While Anxiety and Fear may be a prevailing force in our world, it’s important to not let these fears control us in our day-to-day.
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