July 20, 1969, in the midst of the Cold War, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins made history as the first humans to land on the moon. They returned home safely and America beat Russia in the race to get a human to the moon, one win in the great Space Race. However, some people think that they never went to the moon. According to conspiracy theorists, the moon landing was an elaborate hoax staged by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, or NASA, and the United States government to claim victory in the great Space Race, basing their arguments on photographic errors and the effects of radiation.
Some evidence in support of this theory is the anomalies associated with the photos. According to Dave Cosnette as well as other theorists, the astronaut could not have taken pictures as regular film would not be able to withstand the temperatures in space and even if the astronauts could use the film, they would not be able to make the pictures so stunning with their basic camera. Also, the shadows in the photos should be parallel due to having one light source, but are not in many photos, which suggests multiple light sources . In one photo, Buzz Aldrin is clearly seen climbing from the Apollo 11, despite being in its shadow, causing some theorists to believe that the lighting is from a movie set spotlight, which those involved in the hoax were using to simulate the sun in their faux moon set, which suggests that the pictures are fake.
However, this photographic evidence is easily discounted. According to Robert A. Braeunig, the film used was “a special transparency film produced by Eastman Kodak,” which was made by “ [Placing] the photosensitive emulsions layers ... on an ESTAR polye...
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...e is easily disproven. The “ photographic errors” are often based on how the conspiracy theorists perceive how the pictures should work, which is based on their knowledge of earth and not the moon. The radiation argument is also based on how they believe it should work. The evidence is often based on belief and not scientific fact and there is too little evidence that truly supports the conspiracy theory. While the theory is entertaining, it is far from the truth.
The conspiracy theory is false. Though the evidence of the pictures and radiation was sound at face value, it did not stand up to scientific fact. The unique composition of the moon rocks also discredited the theory. On July 20, 1969, the United States sent the first man to the moon and beat Russia in the great space race, despite previous losses and the persistent claims that the moon landing was a hoax.
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