The fathers of sociology are known as Karl Marx, Emilen Durkheim and Karl Weber they made profound contributions towards study of sociology. This essay will explore the key theoretical concepts for each theorist beginning with Marx thoughts on capitalism, class struggle, materialism, then followed by Weber’s ……………………………… and Finally Durkheim ideas on ………………. Further, a critical evaluation will be carried out in order to establish which of the three theories has more significance in today’s contemporary society.
Marx writings where influenced by Hegel’s theoretical concepts as he further developed his own ideas Marx began to criticize Hegel’s interpretations of society and history. Indeed, their interest remained commonly theoretical in social and economic region. However, Marx rejected Hegel’s idealist philosophy because Marx wanted to approach the studying of society and history through his own concept of materialism that involved thinking outside the boundaries of idealist philosophy (Morrison, 2006).
Marx’s understanding of history was through his concept of ‘materialism’ the reason why Marx introduced this theoretical perspective because he wanted to overcome complications brought by idealist philosophy, the perception of society and history (Morrison, 2006) Marx’s idea of history is in relation to production which involves figuring out the relationships of people and their relation to each other and through this association they are socialized because t...
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...e several different types of capitalism he further assumes that each of these have its own suitable spirit here are the most important ones ‘booty capitalism, pariah capitalism, traditional capitalism, and rational capitalism’ ( Parkin, 1982, p41).
David Mclellan 1997 Karl Marx Selected writings London: Oxford University Press
Michael Evans 1975 Karl Marx Britain: The Aldine Press, Letchworth
Cohen and Kennedy 2007 Global sociology second edition New York: Palgrave Macmillan
Melvin Rader 1979 Marx’s Interpretation of history America: Oxford University Press Inc
Ken Morrison, 2006 Marx Durkheim Weber formations of modern social thought London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Tom Bottomore, 1981 Modern interpretations of Marx England: Basil Blackwell Publisher
Frank Parkin, 1982 Key Sociologists Max Weber Britain: Ellis Horwood Ltd
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