Edward Thorndike is known as one of the most influential researchers in the development of animal psychology. Thorndike`s experiments using his own designed puzzle box was used in his research for animal learning. In 1898 Thorndike used this puzzle box to observe how cats and dogs open latches on gates and traced the idea to the reports of Romanes and Morgan. (Schultz and Schultz, 2012) In one of his experiments Thorndike placed a food deprived cat into his puzzle box with food as a reward on the outside of the box. In order to receive the food the cat had to pull a lever or open the door. He observed as the cat demonstrated random behaviors inside the box before it finally caught onto what it was supposed to do. (Schultz and Schultz, 2012) This is similar to what Skinner exhibited with his Skinner box. He used Thorndike 's puzzle box as the substructure for his Skinner box. Skinner also used Thorndike 's law of effect to support his new theory of behaviorism. The original law of effect is defined as acts that produce satisfaction in a given situation become associated with that situation; when the situation recurs, the act is likely to recur. (Schultz and Schultz, 2012)
Ivan Pavlov in 1903 began to introduced a new type of learning called classical conditioning. Pavlov` main focus was the study of the digestive glands of d...
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...Watergate Scandal took some Americans from politics altogether. Pop culture was there to rescue the Americans that had turned their backs on politics. People were now listening to music involving sex and drugs and rebelling against the American government. The 1980`s was the revolution of President Reagan and his Reaganomics. His democratic approach eventually helped the American people even after the stock market crash of 1987. The 1980s was the decade of the blockbuster. Movies such as “The Breakfast Club”, “Return of the Jedi” and “E.T. : The Extra- Terrestrial” made millions of dollars in box office. Television shows were making a huge impact on American culture. Families gathered around the T.V. and watched sitcoms like “The Cosby Show” and “Roseanne”. The VCR had now been introduced to the family life and they were renting movies to watch on these new devices.
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