Essay on The Famous Philosophers Gilbert Ryle, Rene Descartes, And Thomas Nagel

Essay on The Famous Philosophers Gilbert Ryle, Rene Descartes, And Thomas Nagel

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The famous philosophers Gilbert Ryle, René Descartes, and Thomas Nagel help us better understand the idea regarding mental and physical phenomena’s. A mental phenomenon is best described as feelings, emotions, and desires that are processed in the mind, and a physical phenomenon is best described as observable facts by the body that is processed by the brain. An example of a physical fact is a cell phone. A cell phone can be wholly explained, and all the parts can be fully identified and know by everyone to be the same. A physical fact is much different from a mental fact because mental facts can only be perceived by one’s self. An example of a mental fact is love because no one but yourself can know the feeling of the love that you felt for someone else. These philosophers each have different arguments regarding different parts of physical and mental phenomenon’s and how they are related, and they use different sets of ideas and examples like the category mistake, ghost in the machine, and subjective vs. objective to help better explain and improve their argument. The philosopher I agree with the most is Thomas Nagel because he uses the example of the bat to explain subjective and objective, and the example of subjective vs objective best explains my beliefs. I agree with his idea the most because I believe that mental phenomena can not be fully explained by physical phenomena.
An important Philosopher in the idea behind the mind and body and how they are separate from each other, but one I disagree with is René Descartes. An important quote from Descartes is “I think, therefore I am.” This is an important quote because Descartes believes that you can not doubt your own existence due to the fact that in order to doubt your own ...


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...a because he disagrees with Descartes and concludes that we have no reason to doubt the minds of other people.
Nagel has the most accurate description of why the mental phenomena can not be explained by reference to physical phenomena. Descartes would most likely agree with Nagel, but he would disagree with the fact that the mind and body are connected because he believes them to be separate. The reason why Ryle was not correct is described by the example of the bat. It is not possible to know what it is like to be a bat by just seeing the physical aspects of a bat. Although I agree with many statements from all three Philosophers mentioned in this essay, and a lot of ideas mentioned by these philosophers are correct. I mostly agree with Nagel due to the fact that objective perspective is unachievable by humans because we can only rely on our subjective perspective.

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