Famine, Affluence, And Morality By Peter Albert David Singer Essay

Famine, Affluence, And Morality By Peter Albert David Singer Essay

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Peter Albert David Singer was born on the 6th of July 1946 in Melbourne Australia. Singer is an Australian moral philosopher. He is a utilitarianist that specializes in global issues and is an activist for animal rights. Best known for his book “Animal liberation” (1975) and his article “Famine, Affluence, and Morality” (1972) that is used in ethic classes all over the world. Peter Singer at this time is a Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University, and a Laureate Professor at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at the University of Melbourne.
Peter Singers article “Famine, Affluence, and Morality” is an article that starts off talking about the famine in East Bengal India. Written from his view of moral responsibility people should feel when situations of famine like that exist in the world. In this article, Singer uses two main thesis to argue his point of view. The first thesis is the way we respond to situations like the famine in Bengal, India can morally not be justified. The second thesis is the way of life we currently enjoy in our society needs to change. Along with his thesis Singer makes several assumptions, such as Suffering is bad and that if we have the power to change morally we should.
The way we respond to situations like the famine cannot be justified. “I begin with the assumption that suffering and death from lack of food, shelter, and medical care are bad”. I agree completely with Singer in his moral belief that people should help others who have less than they do. In this, he argues “the way people in relatively affluent countries react to a situation like that in Bengal cannot be justified. I think if people looked at moral issues differently instead from a position of seeing someone like...


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...ulging in materialistic items. Although I would not go as far to say that you cannot enjoy luxury items as long as you are doing your part to better the world around you.
In conclusion Singer gave a compelling argument for how we morally are fundamentally different from where he believes we need to be. Although I believe in his general argument his views are sometimes a little extreme. His article is factual in that we could influence the world if we thought of helping others as a moral duty and not just charity. I believe it should be our duty to help one another and it should not matter if who or what you are helping is in your town or another country. However, I also believe that you can relish in life 's luxury offers at the same time without being morally wrong. Overall, we should be more obligated taking on more responsibility in helping others more than we do.

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