Locke will also take two metaphysical principles of Aristotle and show why they are not innate ideas. “Whatever is, is” and “ It is impossible for the same thing to be and not to be”. (EssayI.2.iv) He goes to great lengths to explain that a principle as such cannot be innate. To Locke, many people have never reflected on such principles, which mean that they couldn’t have had those thoughts since birth. It is thought universally that lying and stealing are things that shouldn’t be done. Yet, there are people in the world that do these things so it seems as though they weren’t ...
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...annot be broken down into simpler ideas and are neither created nor destroyed by the mind. Complex ideas on the other hand are a collection of simple ideas.
Locke deems that all you need to attain understanding is within your sensory apparatus. On the contrary Descartes has no conviction for the senses because he holds that they can be deceptive. To Descartes no knowledge can come from the outside world, instead all knowledge comes from with. In Descartes view perception isn’t a true form of knowledge instead deduction is the only way to gain certain truths. Unlike Locke, Descartes also believes that God is an innate idea to the mind and through God natural light you can see the truth. In opposition Locke firmly believes that there aren’t any intrinsic ideas such as God because God isn’t universally agreed upon consequently experiencing is the way to gain knowledge.
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