False Confessions to a Crime: The Central Park Jogger Essay

False Confessions to a Crime: The Central Park Jogger Essay

Length: 1089 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Central Park Jogger case is one of false confessions to a crime, with a little help from police, which the defendants did not commit. Evidence taken at the crime scene did exclude the defendants, however, because of videotaped confessions they were sentenced to prison for a crime they admitted to committing even though they did not. It was not until many years later did the original perpetrator step forward from prison to admit he was the one who committed the crime with evidence (DNA) and firsthand knowledge of the scene. The five original defendants were released from prison but until serving a lengthy term. There are cues that can be noticed when investigators are conducting preliminary interviews that have a very high rate of success in determining the guilt or innocence of an individual. Some of these cues may be verbal such as a rehearsed response (Kassin, 2005). Other types of cues may be nonverbal body language such as a slouching (Kassin, 2005).
One of the last types of ways investigators are coached to detect deception is in the behavioral attitudes of a person being interviewed such as being unconcerned or over anxious (Kassin, 2005). The success rate of looking for these cues are very successful in telling if an individual is being deceitful and has surpassed any laboratory tests conducted on the subject. The laboratory test however did reveal some interesting facts. The research showed that people who had training and experience did not score better than the control group who received no training. In fact all individuals scored at the chance level with the people who had training scored just above chance or at the chance level. To check if special training in the detection of deception was more accurate a study ...


... middle of paper ...


...e was deception or false promises made.
The reforms that have been mentioned in this article do seem to make sense when dealing with your everyday criminal in order to be fair in their treatment. When it comes to military courts however I do not feel they should apply because of the specialized training they receive as they may be able to endure longer interrogation sessions or harsher treatment without breaking down and confessing. I am a firm believer in the videotaped interrogations because as the article states it is a neutral eye and can show exactly what happened. There is no doubt that some police departments take advantage of the long sessions or coaching in order to achieve their goals of obtaining a confession. In order to be fair and keep the justice system blind so that only facts are previewed some reforms are going to be needed to make this happen.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about False Confessions By Richard Leo

- False confessions are receiving more public attention now that people are speaking out about having to serve jail time for a crime they did not commit. 2015 was a year to remember for false confessions starting in January when a man was released after serving 21 years in prison. The protocols that interrogators are trained to follow are dangerous because they allow investigators to have complete influence on innocent people to make false confessions. Most people believe that all interrogators are trained to use mental and physical abusive tactics because it appears on the media and news so often, therefore making it believable to blame them for false confessions....   [tags: Interrogation, False confession, Police]

Strong Essays
1761 words (5 pages)

Essay False Confessions And Coerced Confessions

- There are two types of false confessions, voluntary false confessions and involuntary false confessions. In a voluntary false confession, a person claims to be responsible for a crime they know they did not commit without any coercion or interference. With this type of false confession, mental health comes into play. These people feel a need for attention or punishment that can only be explained psychologically. In some cases of voluntary false confessions, those who wish to protect the true guilty party confess in the hopes of saving that person at the risk of themselves....   [tags: Interrogation, False confession]

Strong Essays
1192 words (3.4 pages)

The Norfolk Four : False Confessions A Miscarriage Of Justice Essay

- The Norfolk Four: False Confessions a Miscarriage of Justice The Frontline documentary, The Confessions (2010), tells the story of the Norfolk Four; four innocent men who were ultimately convicted of the rape and murder of Michelle Bosko. As horrendous and appalling as Michelle Bosko’s murder was, that was not the most shocking point of the film. More astonishing is the fact that four innocent men were convicted of the crime with the help false confessions obtained by the police investigating the case....   [tags: Interrogation, False confession]

Strong Essays
879 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Crime and Society: False Consciousness and the Carnival Mirror

- Crime and Society The term false consciousness provides contributes to the understanding that there are economic biases, ideological processes and social inequalities within the criminal justice system and the scale is tipped in favour of the wealthy (White, Haines, & Eisler, 2008, p. 111). The ruling elite pass laws which focus on a select population which are believed to be responsible for damaging crimes. Law enforcement is responsible for upholding the laws without questioning their bias nature as well as not allocating enough resources to the investigation of white collar crime....   [tags: ideological process, criminal justice]

Strong Essays
630 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on The False Memory Task

- ... A new list begins when participants believe they have all of the correct words from the matrix. The cycle begins again. A list of twelve words are presented, a matrix appears after the twelfth word, and participants select words according to their memory of what was on the list. There are six lists in total, with no practice trials, however there are breaks in between to express the differences in each list. I chose this task because I was rather skeptical and unsure if the task would accomplish its goal in just fifteen minutes....   [tags: false information, ZAP experiments]

Strong Essays
703 words (2 pages)

White Collar Crime Essay

- The foundation of our country, the keystone to our democratic system, is the integrity of social institutions that we not only assume we can trust but have come to rely on for most aspects in our daily lives. The integrity of these social institutions can only be achieved through building blocks such as internal controls and independent, verifiable information. White collar criminals build a sense of false integrity around them in order to gain the trust of their victims, ranging from the young to the very old....   [tags: Institutional Corruption, False Integrity]

Strong Essays
1595 words (4.6 pages)

False Recall of Information Essay

- Can You Hear What Was Not Said. Target Article: Roediger, H.L. & McDermott, K.B (1995). Creating False Memories: Remembering Words Not Presented in Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 21, 803-814. Rational and variables: The experiment that was done was to find out the frequency at which people had false recall of information. The experiment also tested the rates at which people remembered false information that was related to the information that was discuses....   [tags: Creating False Memories]

Strong Essays
1191 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on False Memories in the Courtroom

- Imagine spending twenty-four years in prison for a crime you did not commit. Furthermore, imagine that conviction is based on witness testimony and no valid forensic evidence. This is the case for Texas resident Steven Phillips and countless others whose unfortunate circumstances stem from the fallacious nature of human memory. Phillips was wrongly convicted in 1982 based on a few of the many inadequacies of human memory (“Know the Cases”). Unfortunately, this is an all-too-common occurrence due to the high malleability of episodic memory....   [tags: Truth, Lies, and False Memories 2014]

Strong Essays
1960 words (5.6 pages)

Essay Organized Crime

- Organized crime is a problem throughout the world. There are the drug cartels of Mexico and Columbia, the Russian Mafia, Asian Triads, and Eastern European crime syndicates to name a few. It is estimated that organized crime generates more than one trillion dollars in profits annually.1 An organized crime syndicate works in a very similar way to a government or corporation. There are different streams of income coming from drug and human trafficking, arms dealing, prostitution, blackmail, protection money, and legitimate business endeavors....   [tags: Crime]

Strong Essays
1707 words (4.9 pages)

Central America Essay

- Central America Central America, just south of Mexico and North of Panama, consists of just six countries; Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Of those six, all share a distinct common history except for Belize. Belize for one is incredibly small, and while Spanish is the official language of other Central American countries, in Belize English is spoken. So throughout this paper as I carelessly say 'Central American' I am not including Belize whose history and development was far different than the others....   [tags: Central American History]

Strong Essays
1385 words (4 pages)