Fallacies Of False Cause And Accident Essay

Fallacies Of False Cause And Accident Essay

Length: 1403 words (4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Reasoning is the way we think and processes something in a logical way. When it comes to thinking, we fight to reason in a correct way, so we can be able to use the process of logic to recognize the different ways we reason incorrectly. When we infer incorrectly, that is a fallacy because any mistake in reasoning is a fallacy. They are nineteen errors separated into four groups. The four teams are fallacies of relevance, fallacies if defective induction, fallacies of presumption, and fallacies of ambiguity. Throughout my paper I will be explaining the fallacies of false cause and accident to see what they have in common, are they alike, distinct, and if they are related in some, but not all ways. Also, I will be explaining the distinction between fallacies of equivocation and amphiboly.
The fallacy of false cause is when one predicts that something is caused by something because it follows the other so closely. It states, “When one argues that because two events have occurred in time together or seem to have some kind of relationship, one must have caused the other” (Squires, 2010). For example, I always exercise every day for an hour, so I will always be skinny. This example is a fallacy of false cause because I’m assuming that if I exercise every day, then I will always be skinny. Which is an error in reasoning because I’m taking something that is not the foundation, and treated it as the foundation. Accident fallacy states, “When an attempt is made to apply a general rule to all situations when clearly there are exceptions to the rule. Simplistic rules or laws rarely take into consideration legitimate exceptions, and to ignore these exceptions is to bypass reason to preserve the illusion of a perfect law. People like simp...


... middle of paper ...


...he fallacy of amphiboly is when some words can explain in various ways. One part of the argument can have one interpretation, and the other part of the argument can have an entirely different perspective. These are examples of some fallacies, but there are much more different errors that are determined.

Work cited

Accident fallacy. (2016). Retrieved November 5, 2016, from Logically Fallacious, https://www.logicallyfallacious.com/tools/lp/Bo/LogicalFallacies/2/Accident-Fallacy

Administrator. (2016, March 24). Fallacies. Retrieved November 5, 2016, from http://researchwriting.education/index.php/component/k2/item/1385-fallacies

Squires, A. (2010, June 18). Logical Fallacy Friday: False cause and slippery slope. Retrieved November 6, 2016, from Shitty First Drafts, https://writingishard.wordpress.com/2010/06/18/logical-fallacy-friday-false-cause-and-slippery-slope

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Fallicies: The Ad Hominem Fallacy

- Different forms of reasoning exist. All reasoning may not be a result of sound judgment or reasonable logic (Woodard, G. & Denton R., 2014, p. 93). Others may be based on premises that are just false, unethical or lack basic common sense (Woodard et al., 3014, p. 92). Theorist identified these forms of poor reasoning as “fallacies” (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 93). This type of logic is commonly associated with aggressive communication such as disagreements between individuals or may just come from a dishonest individual (Woodard et al., 2014, p....   [tags: targeting an individual, false cause logic]

Better Essays
871 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Philosphy: Fallacies: Ad Hominen and False Cause

- Fallacy 1: ad homimen Donald Trump posted a YouTube video offering President Obama $5 million dollars to produce his collegiate records and individual passport application (O’Connor, C., 2012). When contacted by Forbes magazine in response to this offer, Trump professed that the offer was extended due to the voters knowing so very little about the president’s personal background. Further stating, his motives were in the best interest of President Obama based on the current state of suspicion surrounding his presidency and this would all questions to rest (O’Connor, C., 2012)....   [tags: non-sequitur, over-simplification]

Better Essays
1814 words (5.2 pages)

Essay about Don't Cause an Accident

- Drivers need to be fully aware of their surroundings while driving. They must always know what is going on around them. One of the most common causes of car accidents is distracted driving. As of 2011, 3,331 people were killed and 387,000 injured due to accidents involving a distracted driver (Statistics on Texting & Cell Phone Use While Driving). That means that at least 3,331 people lost a loved one in an accident involving someone who chose to drive while being distracted. In 2011, statistics showed that an estimated 1.6 million car accidents involved drivers using cell phones while driving (National Safety Council)....   [tags: Drivers, Distractions, Car Accidents, Awareness]

Better Essays
1514 words (4.3 pages)

Fallacies In Advertising Essay

- Fallacies in Advertising According to Bassham et al. (2002), a logical fallacy is “an argument that contains a mistake in reasoning” (p. 140). There are two types of logical fallacies, fallacies of relevance, and fallacies of insufficient evidence. Fallacies of relevance happen when the premises are not logically relevant to the conclusion. Fallacies of insufficient evidence occur when the premises do not provide sufficient evidence to support the conclusion. Though there are several logical fallacies, four logical fallacies commonly found in advertising are amphiboly, appeal to authority, appeal to emotion, and non sequitur....   [tags: Marketing Advertising Fallacies]

Free Essays
969 words (2.8 pages)

Logical Fallacies Of An Argument Essay

- Logical Fallacies of an Argument Logical fallacies are the most common argument a writer may encounter to attack the opposition intelligence and its understanding. Logical fallacies can be argued on internet and off internet. A logical fallacy can be defined as a type of argument that has a good reason, but is recognized as bad. Sometimes, finding logical fallacy in an argument does not mean it is untrue. Logical fallacy can be formal and informal. Formal fallacy is an invalid argument because people can persuade by the conclusion....   [tags: Fallacy, Argument, Logical fallacies]

Better Essays
1442 words (4.1 pages)

Fallacies And Fallacies Of Fallacies Essay

- Fallacies Fallacies are common errors in reasoning that will undermine the reasoning of your argument. Fallacies have different types like (Begging the Claim, Ad hominem, Straw Man and more.), and are often identified because they lack evidence that supports their claim. A writer or speaker is to avoid these common fallacies in their arguments and watch for them in the arguments of others. Learning to identify and avoid fallacies is crucial for professional in all fields of life literature, science, politics etc....   [tags: Fallacy, Logic, Argument, Critical thinking]

Better Essays
995 words (2.8 pages)

Fallacies And Assumptions Essay

- Fallacies and Assumptions People around the world encounter logical fallacies on almost a daily basis. This paper will look at three common logical fallacies. I will define each of the three fallacies, explain its significance to Critical Thinking, and discuss its general application to Decision Making. I will also show organizational examples that illustrate each one of my chosen fallacies. Fallacies and Assumptions Encyclopaedia Britannica (2006) defines a fallacy in logic as "erroneous reasoning that has the appearance of soundness." Generally, when we think about making decisions, most people believe that they are making logical decisions....   [tags: Logical Fallacies Misconceptions Human Nature Stud]

Free Essays
1062 words (3 pages)

Fallacies Essay

- Fallacies are all around us. Every time we turn on a TV, or a radio, or pick up a newspaper, we see or hear fallacies. According to Dictionary.com, a fallacy is defined as a false notion, a statement or an argument based on a false or invalid inference, incorrectness of reasoning or belief; erroneousness, or the quality of being deceptive (www.Dictionary.com). Fallacies are part of everyday and become a staple in certain aspects of life. Political campaigns and reporters would be lost without the use of fallacies....   [tags: Literature Literary Fallacies]

Free Essays
1581 words (4.5 pages)

Fallacies Essay

- Fallacies A fallacy is defined as a kind of error in reasoning. They can be persuasive and be created both unintentionally and intentionally in order to deceive others from the truth. Fallacies often indicate a false belief or cause of a false belief (dowden, 2006). An argument or situation commits a fallacy when the reasons offered do not support the conclusion. This defeats the purpose of the argument since its point is to give reason to support the conclusion. Fallacies affect the outcome of our everyday decision making process....   [tags: Reasoning Argument Fallacy Logic]

Better Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about Fallacies

- Fallacies The use of critical thinking requires one to understand how to comprehend an argument. Part of this comprehension includes the ability to recognize a logical fallacy in an argument. The understanding of logical fallacies will help one become a better critical thinker by enabling them to break apart an argument from an opponent and debate the argument by pointing out the flaws. In this paper I will be discussing the Straw Man fallacy, the Red Herring Fallacy, and the Weak Analogy fallacy and how they relate to critical thinking....   [tags: Fallacy Arguments Critical Thinking Essays]

Better Essays
1311 words (3.7 pages)