Essay on The Fall Of The Roman Empire

Essay on The Fall Of The Roman Empire

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When the fall of the Roman Empire is discussed in today’s time, usually the focus is on when the Western half of the empire expired in 476 CE, but considering that the eastern half – or the Byzantine Empire as it was called at the time – was still a part of the empire as a whole, the true fall of the Roman Empire was in 1453 CE, which is when the Byzantine Empire was taken over by the Ottoman Turks. The reasoning behind the fall of the Roman Empire is complex; there were numerous issues that assisted in the empire’s demise. There is still much debate over what really caused the fall of the empire (at least the Western half); explanations span from rational claims such as the legalization of Christianity and the abandonment of traditional values, to absurd ones such as Republican presidential hopeful Ben Carson’s claim: gay marriage. In this essay, the fall of the Byzantine Empire and five plausible reasons for the fall of the Western Roman Empire will be discussed (barbarian clan invasions, the division of the empire into eastern and western halves, the Huns’ invasion and barbarian migration, the enforcement of Christianity, and the decline in military strength).
A common and quite reasonable theory used to explain the collapse of the Western Roman Empire is the Barbarian invasions which caused a succession of Roman military failures. Germanic clans were a common threat to Rome for centuries, but barbarian groups became more of a nuisance by the 300s as they surpassed the Empire’s borders. In 410 CE, Visigoth King Alaric pillaged Rome; this lead to the Empire remaining under constant threat for decades before Rome was looted by the Vandals in 455 CE. In 475, Roman General Orestes had Emperor Nepos removed and appointed his so...


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...ww.history.com/news/history-lists/8-reasons-why-rome-fell.

"Byzantine Empire." History.com. 2010. Accessed October 18, 2015. http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/byzantine-empire.

Halsall, G, Barbarian Migrations and the Roman West, 283 (Cambridge University Press, 2008).

Joshua J. Mark, “Western Roman Empire,” Ancient History Encyclopedia, last modified December 01, 2011, http://www.ancient.eu/Western_Roman_Empire/

Lewis, Jeffrey. “The Fall of Rome.” History video, 3:12. Posted January 14, 2014. Accessed October 18, 2015. http://www.history.com/news/history-lists/8-reasons-why-rome-fell.

Mandell, Sean. "Ben Carson: Gay Marriage To Blame For 'Dramatic Fall of the Roman Empire ' - Towleroad." Towleroad. September 30, 2015. Accessed October 18, 2015. http://www.towleroad.com/2015/09/ben-carson-gay-marriage-to-blame-for-dramatic-fall-of-the-roman-empire/.

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