The Falklands Conflict Essay

The Falklands Conflict Essay

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The Falklands conflict began on Friday, 02 April 1982, when roughly 500 Argentinean special forces landed at Mullet Creek on East Falkland Island under Operation Rosario and advanced on the Government House located at Port Stanley against an unorganized garrison of Royal Marines stationed on the island. Little opposition was encountered and the Argentinean Junta quickly assumed control. On 02 April, Brigadier General Mario Menendez was appointed governor of the islands and Port Stanley was immediately renamed Puerto Argentino. Argentina expected at this point that the British would cede sovereignty over the islands through negotiations and with little or no armed conflict as Argentina had been claiming the Falkland Islands, or Las Islas Malvinas as they call them, since 1833. However, the United Kingdom responded differently with Britain's UN ambassador Sir Anthony Parsons sending a draft resolution to the Security Council condemning the hostilities and demanding immediate Argentine withdrawal from the Islands. Upon rejection of British demands, the British government announced the islands would be retaken by force and began their largest mobilization of British forces since World War II. Since the Argentinean government expected Britain to cede sovereignty of the islands without conflict, no previous strategic planning was performed or preparations made to defend the islands. Argentina was forced to hastily prepare for war with a British task force expecting to arrive within three to four weeks seeking to reclaim the Falkland Islands by force. This was to be Argentina's first war in almost 120 years.
This paper will discuss the command and control structure of both the Argentineans and British and operational logistics ...


... middle of paper ...


...l Moore arrived, he assumed command of the 3rd Commando Brigade and 5th Infantry Brigade from aboard the HMS Fearless. However, he was not in command of HMS Fearless which had other priorities and on occasion conflicted with his command and control priority of the ground forces. The missing command element was a three star task force commander located within the Falkland AO who would report directly to Admiral Fieldhouse at Northwood. This missing command element led to friction and loss of command and control particularly over logistic assets within the AO. Any de-conflict between field commanders had to be resolved from Northwood located almost 8,000 miles away. This increased distance of space led to increased time requirements needed to resolve decisional conflicts between element commanders thus having a direct adverse impact on forces. (NOTE 1)






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