The Falklands conflict began on Friday, 02 April 1982, when roughly 500 Argentinean special forces landed at Mullet Creek on East Falkland Island. Under Operation Rosario, Argentina advanced on the Government House at Port Stanley against an unorganized garrison of British Royal Marines stationed on the island. Little opposition was encountered and the Argentinean Junta quickly assumed control. On the same day, Brigadier General Mario Menendez was appointed governor of the islands and Port Stanley was immediately renamed Puerto Argentino. Argentina expected at this point that the British would cede sovereignty over the islands through negotiations and with little or no armed conflict. Argentina had been claiming the Falkland Islands, or Las Islas Malvinas as they call them, since 1833. However, the United Kingdom responded differently with Britain's UN ambassador Sir Anthony Parsons sending a draft resolution to the Security Council condemning the hostilities and demanding immediate Argentine withdrawal from the Islands. Upon rejection of British demands, the British government announced the islands would be retaken by force and began their largest mobilization of British forces since World War II. Since the Argentinean government expected Britain to cede sovereignty of the islands with little or no conflict, no response planning had been performed or preparations made to extensively defend the islands by force. Argentina was obliged to hastily prepare for war with a British task force expecting to arrive within three to four weeks seeking to reclaim the Falkland Islands. This was to be Argentina's first war in almost 120 years. This paper will discuss the command and control structure of both the Argentine ...
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...nway at Port Stanley. Lack of air mobility was also a weakness faced by Argentina when wet weather made ground transportation impossible . Several logistic setbacks and strategic difficulties were encountered during the war with the British, which may have been overcome with proper force structure, joint operational training, and communication.
There are many operational lessons to be understood from the Falklands conflict. The British command and control structure was missing a key operational command element component in theater. The Argentineans were primarily lacking joint coordination among their army, navy, and air forces. Both sides struggled with operational factors, which during the fog of war went unnoticed. Overall, the operational factor of time won the war for the British and lost the war for Argentina in a short period of 74 days.
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- BACKGROUND The Falklands conflict began on Friday, 02 April 1982, when roughly 500 Argentinean special forces landed at Mullet Creek on East Falkland Island. Under Operation Rosario, Argentina advanced on the Government House at Port Stanley against an unorganized garrison of British Royal Marines stationed on the island. Little opposition was encountered and the Argentinean Junta quickly assumed control. On the same day, Brigadier General Mario Menendez was appointed governor of the islands and Port Stanley was immediately renamed Puerto Argentino.... [tags: International Conflict ]
1920 words (5.5 pages)
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1191 words (3.4 pages)
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