Essay on The Failure The Hundred Day Reform Movement

Essay on The Failure The Hundred Day Reform Movement

Length: 1654 words (4.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The failure the Hundred Day Reform Movement

The 1898 reform movement is the first bourgeois-capitalistic reform movement in the Chinese history, which attempted to fundamentally change China’s educational, sociopolitical, cultural and military system. It is also famously known as the Hundred Days Reform as a result of its duration of 103 days, and finally terminated by Empress Dowager Cixi. The leading figures of the reform movement were Kang Youwei and Liangqi Chao. This reform movement has a significant impact in motivating Chinese people’s sense of patriotism and national consciousness. The the failure of the movement is multi-factorial, including both external and internal factors. Some people believe that Kang’s group was weak in political powers during his period. The reformers attempted to anchor their hope to Guang Xu emperor, which the emperor does not have actual power in governing the country. Hence, Kang’s leadership has little influence during the movement. In contrast, other people argue that the measures of the reform movement reveal many problems, which include the dimension of the reform, the pace of the action executed, and also the inexperience of the reform leaders. However, In my opinion, the direct and substantially factors that trigger the failure are the the betrayal of Yuan Shikai and the real power held by the Empress Dowager Cixi behind the throne.

At first glance, one obvious reason for the failure is the great disparity in political power between conservative traditionalists and revolutionaries. Kang Youwei, as the leader of the revolutionary group, attempted to replace the feudal political system with the capitalism way of economy, education, military and political system. This might offend the inte...


... middle of paper ...


...o any form of reform is reluctant. Moreover, once the strength and the dimension of the reform is increasingly intolerable to her scope of approval, she will force to put it down. Lastly, as a Manchu monarchy to rule over the Qing dynasty, there is no doubt that Cixi will try ensure the sovereignty fall into Manchu people’s hand, instead of the Han Chinese.

Write something about Yuan Shikai

Conclusion

Footnotes
1.Yang Gui (1857-1898). One of the key reformers in the Guangxu emperor’s inner circle during the Hundred Days Reform. He was one of six reformers arrested and executed by Dowager Empress Cixi upon her return to power. (Atwill 103)

Franke, Wolfgang. A Century of Chinese Revolution, 1851-1898. N.p.: U of South California, 1970. Print.
"Meiji Restoration." Encyclopaedia Britannica. Britannica Academic. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2015. Web. 26 Nov. 2015.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Church: An Analysis of The Rerum Novarum Publication Essay

- Introduction In this essay I will identify the issues which brought about this papal encyclical in 1891, specifically the social conditions of people, resulting from industrialisation and the church’s Christological role in declaring human dignity in terms of God’s plan for mankind. I will set out the historical position in Britain in this late Victorian era within the context of European radical political upheaval, as part of the need for reform and a response from the Church....   [tags: reform, religious duty]

Strong Essays
1884 words (5.4 pages)

Essay about The New Deal Was a Total Failure as a Response to the Great Depression

- The New Deal Was a Total Failure as a Response to the Great Depression The Great Depression during the interwar years had disastrous effects on American society and the economy. In the United States and many nations, mass unemployment and poverty, bank and business failures were a major problem. In 1933, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt attempted to improve the situation by introduced his 'New Deal' programme that was to provide economic relief and reform. The main aims were to reduce the mass unemployment and improve the American economic situation with the introduction of new government policies and agencies....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1443 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Failure And Failure Of Failure

- People usually afraid of failure because they tried to do something and failed, or took a risk and it didn’t pay off, or made a decision and it turned out to be the wrong one. That fear of failure create the stress and anxiety when people want to do something hard or try something new. Just because you tried something two or three time and failing does not mean the entire idea is a mistake. Do you expect to get a Blackjack on every game that you played. That would be an impossible thing to do. There is no success that comes without failure, where failure is experiences and lessons that help you to perfect your works....   [tags: Failure, Success, Basketball]

Strong Essays
772 words (2.2 pages)

Failure : Failure And Failure Essay

- Failure. No one wants to talk about failure. It’s the nasty blemish people hide under excuses and funny anecdotes. Although usually seen as a hindrance, failure helps shape character and deliver wisdom from the experience it provides. While undesirable, helps build an armor and teaches its victims to fight like knights for the cause they believe in. When I was a junior in high school, I had a personal experience with failure that shaped the way I approached life and helped me mature and grow. Though it was hard, and I still am feeling the shock waves of consequences, I’m glad to be stronger and wiser through my faults....   [tags: Failure, Education, Reliability engineering]

Strong Essays
719 words (2.1 pages)

Evaluation of the Hundred Days Reform in 1898 Essay

- Evaluation of the Hundred Days Reform in 1898 China faced a series of defeat since the First Anglo-Chinese War. After being defeated by Japan in the Sino-Japanese War in 1895, foreign imperialism accelerated as the weaknesses of the Qing government were increasingly evident to the foreign powers. The political-conscious intellectuals now regarded reform not of academic interest but boiling urgency. The programs of the Hundred Days Reform were not too idealistic in fact; its failure was due to other factors, such as weaknesses in leadership....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
748 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Congestive Heart Failure ( Chf ) Is Becoming More Prevalent Every Day

- Congestive heart failure (CHF) is becoming more prevalent every day. According to a recent study of in Modern Medicine by Leibovitch, 1999, due to the aging population in the U.S. the incidence of CHF in older adults is now a primary illness that growing exponentially (Leibovitch, 1999). Treatment and therapy for CHF patients has improved remarkably resulting in better prognoses for heart disease, and aiding patients to live longer and more fulfilling lives resulting in an increase in the prevalence rate....   [tags: Cardiology, Heart failure, Myocardial infarction]

Strong Essays
700 words (2 pages)

The Hundred-Foot Journey, by Richard C. Morais Essays

- Thesis:- Food meant a lot for people, it gives us livelihood, and one cannot image his life without food. Hundred foot journey novel is based on the theme of food, in which author tells his journey from his grandfather’s restaurant (Mumbai) to Paris where he owns his Three Star restaurant via London And then Lumiere, a small town in France. Although “the hundred-foot journey “seems very short physically, it took so long to Hassan become the French chef. 1) Madam Mallory hunger strike and Papa’s approval....   [tags: hundred foot journey, french food]

Free Essays
1021 words (2.9 pages)

Multiple Themes of One Hundred Years of Solitude Essay

- Multiple Themes of One Hundred Years of Solitude  How the theme of the novel is developed and enhanced by plot, character and setting.    This novel seems to have multiple themes. One important theme is that every action causes a reaction, and one person’s doing can result in something unpredicted. Similarly, it also seems to say that fate is bound to happen, no matter what is done to try to change it. In this novel, when Jose Arcadio Buendia marries his cousin Ursula, they are cursed to have a child with the tail of a pig....   [tags: One Hundred Years of Solitude]

Free Essays
417 words (1.2 pages)

Solitude and Isolation in One Hundred Years of Solitude Essay

- Solitude and Isolation in One Hundred Years of Solitude             "…Races condemned to 100 years of solitude did not have a second opportunity on earth."  These powerful last words of the novel One Hundred Years of Solitude ring true.  The book demonstrates through many examples that human beings cannot exist in isolation.  People must be interdependent in order for the race to survive.             Solitude.  Examples are found of this idea throughout the one-hundred-year life of Macondo and the Buendia family.  It is both an emotional and physical solitude.  It is shown geographically, romantically, and individually....   [tags: One Hundred Years of Solitude]

Free Essays
577 words (1.6 pages)

Essay on One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez

- One Hundred Years of Solitude by Gabriel Garcia Marquez “The tone that I eventually used in One Hundred Years of Solitude was based on the way my grandmother used to tell stories. She told things that sounded supernatural and fantastic but she told them with complete naturalness…. What was most important was the expression she had on her face. She did not change her expression at all when telling her stories and everyone was surprised. In previous attempts to write, I tried to tell the story with out believing in it....   [tags: One Hundred Years of Solitude Essays]

Strong Essays
1163 words (3.3 pages)