Essay on Failure of The Operation Market Garden

Essay on Failure of The Operation Market Garden

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Operation Market Garden also referred to “A Bridge too far” was an unsuccessful attempt to starve Hitler War Machine of supplies reducing the German’s will to fight ending the War before Christmas 1944. UK Prime Minister Winston Churchill, supported a “broad front” strategy for moving across Western Europe into Germany. British Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery with Churchill’s backing began to press for change a “single thrust” strategy. The new idea was for one augmented Army Group to Drive into German and on to Berlin with the other Army Groups defending with localized Advances. General Dwight Eisenhower the US Commander in Europe of the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force (SHAEF) believed it was time for a bold operation and approved the proposal: “Market- Garden” September 10, 1944. 1(COBLE 1984)

(COBLE 1984)
For the reason that the US contributed the greater part of machinery, manpower and finances to the Allied war effort, General Eisenhower's appointment ahead of Montgomery as the ultimate Allied Commander was logical. He was always sensitive to political and higher-ranking military bosses, above all Roosevelt, Churchill, and Marshall. His focus was completely on the Allies’ goal of "total surrender." A skilled professional, Eisenhower never allowed the egoistical and individual aspirations of any of his generals sidetrack him from trying to realize that goal. He took note and considered Montgomery's views and thoughts but remained the designer of the multi-pronged assault tactic. The approved plan consisted of two phases: The MARKET phase was to “lay a ‘carpet’ of airborne forces across the five major bridges or choke point which existed on the general axis of the main road through Eindhoven to Uden,...


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...ge.com/Military (accessed 02 2014).

2. BBC. The Battle of Arnhem. 2014. BBC - History - World Wars: Animated Map: Thwww.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/launch_ani_arnhem.shtml.

3. COBLE, ELIZABETH ANN LIEUTENANT COLONEL. "OPERATION MARKET GARDEN: CASE STUDY FOR ANALYZING SENIOR LEADER RESPONSIBILITIES." 1984.

4. Director, Sue Gardner is the Executive. Wikipedia, Operation Market Garden. 02 14, 2014. Operation Market Garden From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intelink (accessed 02 2014).

5. Garden, Operational Anaylsis of Market. UKessay.com. 02 14, 2014. http://www.ukessays.com/essays/history/operation-market-garden-the-allied-operational-level-analysis-history-essay.php (accessed 2014).

6. Staff Writer. Operation Market Garden Timeline. n.d. http://www.secondworldwarhistory.com/operation-market-garden.asp (accessed 02 2014).


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