The theory of liberalism was popular in the 1970s when scholars argued that realism in international relations was outdated. Liberals argued that strictly national interests did not exist, because nation states needed to view their interests as part of regional and even world interests. Thus, importance was given to the role of multinational cooperation - witness the rise of such organisations after the formation of the UN - the EU, WTO, ASEAN are a few examples, mostly based on economic cooperation with an emphasis on regional economic cooperation. As these organisations succeeded, they covered more countries who saw the benefits of belonging to them, and widened their cooperation from strictly economic to more sovereign matters. The EU single currency being a prime example.
Nations were willing to relinquish part of their sove...
... middle of paper ...
...iddle east without first having a credible replacement. This has destabilised the region and we are now living with its consequences.
Ultimately such events call into question the effectiveness of even the UN. The pendulum is once again tilting towards realism. As powerful countries like the US, and countries that have powerful backers like Israeland rogue states like North Korea flaunt UN regulations and get away with it, there is a danger that the world will once again face the dangers of an all out war. This time the only thing that prevents all out war is the fear of Mutual Assured Destruction - the fear that one 's opponent also has the ultimate weapon - nuclear power .
The liberal ideas of globalisation and interconnectedness through multilateral organisations can diminish the threat of war, but realistically the threat of war will never be eliminated.
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