In the early 1960s, the Civil Rights Movement brought many accusations and complaints towards the Chicago Board of Education. Due to this pressure, the Board allowed three major studies of the Chicago public schools which clearly denoted the segregation problems of the school system, over a decade after the Supreme Court’s decision of the famous Brown v Board of Education case. The Hauser Report and the Havighurst Report, both published in 1964, described the “gross racial imbalance” in Chicago public schools, where “Negro schools” tended to be more overcrowded and experience more drop-outs and lower average scores than predominantly white schools (Coons 85). In 1967 the recently appointed Superintendent of the Chicago schools, James Redmond, created a committee that published the other major report on the public schools of Chicago in 1967, entitled Increasing Desegregation of Faculties, Students, and Vocational Education Programs. This report focused on the teaching climate of Chicago schools, the boundaries of schools districts, vocational education programs, and public understanding of current issues, “aimed at reversing a pervasive social condition that has become deeply rooted in our society” (Chicago Board 2).
By stating some hard statistics about the schools in Chicago and even describing some possible means of addressing the problems that emphasized immediate action, these reports seemed to provide some hope for the future of Chicago’s public schools. However, despite the fact that the Chicago Board of Education even accepted most of the terms and recommendations in the reports, the ensuing years showed very little improvement. Since 1967, the Chicago Board of Education’s passive approach towar...
... middle of paper ...
... New York Times 16 May 1977: 18.
---. “School Segregation is Pressed in Chicago Area.” New York Times 23
Garrow, David J. “Looking Back at Brown: 3 Books Reflect on the 1954 Supreme Court
Decision and the Effects it has had on America.” Chicago Tribune 2 May 2004:
Houston, Jack. “City Public Schools Lose 9,307 More Students.” Chicago Tribune 14
Jan. 1989: News 5.
Little, Darnell and Lori Olszewski. “School Spending Disparity Revealed: But Court
Ends Desegregation Oder.” Chicago Tribune 2 Mar. 2004: News 1.
Sheppard Jr., Nathaniel. “Chicago Fails to Submit a Plan on Desegregation.” New York
Times 16 Apr. 1981: A18.
Wicker, Tom. “The Myth of Busing: Some Contradictory Evidence.” New York Times
19 Sept. 1976: 167.
“Willie Johnson is Standing Firm.” Integrated Education. September 1971: 4-11.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Civil Rights Movement had a lot going on between 1954 and 1964. While there were some successful aspects of the movement, there were some failures as well. The mixture of successes and failures led to the extension of the movement and eventually a more equal American society. Success was a big part of the Civil Rights Movement. Starting with the year 1954, there were some major victories in favor of African Americans. In 1954, the landmark trial Brown vs. The Board of Education of Topeka Kansas ruled that segregation in public education was unfair.... [tags: Black Civil Rights in America]
1574 words (4.5 pages)
- The civil rights movement spurred the passing of much federal legislation throughout the 1950’s and 60’s. Although, race relations eventually changed in Mississippi due to federal force, civil rights legislation would pass but segregation continued in Mississippi because of unsupportive state government, lack of federal enforcement and white Mississippians continuous threats and intimidation. The civil rights movement in the 1950’s and 60’s was a monumental event in American history. The large amount of legislation passed in accordance with this movement was greatly outnumbered by the many horrendously, violent acts that occurred throughout it.... [tags: Black Civil Rights in America]
1332 words (3.8 pages)
- On December 1st, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat in the front of a bus to a white man. It was this simple act of defiance that, arguably, began the Civil Rights movement which lasted from 1955 through the 1960’s and altered the face of our nation forever. Following the arrest of Rosa Parks for her simple denial, African Americans in Montgomery began boycotting the bus system, one of the first major stands against racism in the 1950’s. On the heels of the Brown v.... [tags: Black Civil Rights in America]
1109 words (3.2 pages)
- The Black Civil Rights Movement The Black civil rights movement emerged as a mass movement in the 1950s but its long term origins go back much to the abolition of slavery and the failure of States to implement the 14th and 15th amendments which guaranteed ex-slave rights as defined in the constitution. Just after the end of slavery the reconstruction era began, it allowed blacks many opportunities that had never been open to them before, during this time there was a change in many areas of culture in America.... [tags: Racism, Civil Rights, Discrimination]
1085 words (3.1 pages)
- Although there was significant improvement in the lives of black people through the Success of the civil rights movement by the late 1960s, there were also some failures and aspects that the civil rights movement had not achieved. These failures were social, economical, political and cultural. These failures included the fact that some laws were not upheld. Black people saw this as an injustice and inconvenience and as a failure economically. There was unemployment to a certain degree amongst the black community, as over 10% of black people were unemployed.... [tags: 1960s Civil Rights Movement in America]
640 words (1.8 pages)
The Limited Effectiveness of the Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1875 in Extending Rights to the Freed Slaves
- How far do you agree that the Civil Rights Acts of 1866 and 1875 were effective in extending civil rights to freed slaves. Both Acts aimed to protect the basic human rights of African-Americans, using federal law in the wake of the American Civil War. However this in itself is a major area of controversy, as the acts did merely aim to grant minimal rights to blacks, immediately suggesting their effectiveness was limited from the outset. Although indeed in contrast to this, it can be argued that the 14th Amendment to the constitution, embodying the Civil Rights Act of 1866, was a ‘step in the right direction’ and no matter how minimal that movement was, it was an essential starting point.... [tags: Black Civil Rights in America]
1491 words (4.3 pages)
- The civil rights movement was a period of time when blacks attempted to gain their constitutional rights of which they were being deprived. The movement has occurred from the 1950's to the present, with programs like Affirmative Action. Many were upset with the way the civil rights movement was being carried out in the 1960's. As a result, someone assassinated the leader of the movement, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Many blacks were infuriated at this death so there were serious riots in almost 100 cities.... [tags: Civil Rights Kerner Commission Equality Essays]
1419 words (4.1 pages)
- The Civil Rights Movement of the mid-Twentieth century was the paramount force in the battle for racial and civil equality for African Americans in our nation today. Throughout the history of our nation, the fight for racial equality and civil rights has been a continuing struggle for African Americans. Despite the importance of equality to the precepts of our nation, slavery and inequality were not only tolerated but also accepted as a necessary component of the agrarian economy of the South until 1865.... [tags: Racial Equality, Brown vs Board of Education]
2142 words (6.1 pages)
- Human rights will be rights inalienable to all people, whatever our nationality, spot of habitation, sex, color, religion, dialect, or some other status. We are all similarly qualified for our human rights without segregation. These rights are all interrelated, reliant and inseparable. General human rights are frequently communicated and ensured by law, in the types of settlements, standard global law, general standards and different wellsprings of worldwide law. (Unitednations human rights,n.d.) Universal human rights law sets down commitments of Governments to act in specific routes or to avoid certain demonstrations, so as to advance and ensure human rights and major flexibilities of peop... [tags: Human rights]
1340 words (3.8 pages)
- Myanmar has suffered under the military junta rule for most of its independent political existence. Despite growing local pressure and international criticism of the military government in Myanmar, the military junta remains in control by denying all basic freedoms including the media, public protest and civil society. The poor governance in Myanmar has brought about poverty, poor health care, low educational standards and systematic human rights abuses. The reason this essay only focus on children’s right violation is because the researcher look children as the most vulnerable members of society have been disproportionately affected by all these factors.... [tags: Human Rights]
1222 words (3.5 pages)