The most fundamental building block of identity is temperament. Temperament, defined by Santrock, is an individual's behavioral style and characteristic way of responding. Because temperament is so basic, it is present and quantifiable in early infancy, long before other more complex aspects of identity. As a result, Santrock cites Galambos & Costigan's finding that, much of the research done on temperament is done on infants and children. Just as identity development and adolescence are inherently linked, so are the concepts of personality and temperament. Personality is most basically defined as the characteristic patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that make a person unique. In considering this relationship, first conceive of personality in the five factor struct...
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...ors like gender shape a adolescent's sense of who they are. From the moment we are born we are bombarded with messages about what it means, in our society, to be the sex we are assigned at birth. These are messages about gender. As soon as a child attains gender constancy they are very interested in participating in activities that are aligned with their respective gender. Step into any preschool or daycare environment and you will be confronted with girls in pink and frills playing with baby-dolls and boys playing with trucks and balls all the while clad in clothes with the same articles portrayed upon them. These children have received loudly and clearly gendered messages about who they are based on their sex. They have never considered whether they want to be feminine or masculine or even what those words mean to them they simply adopt and imitate.
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- While the terms “gender” and “sex” are often used interchangeably, the two words have significantly different definitions. One could argue that sex refers to biological essentialism and the idea that we are who we are because of our genetic material. On the other hand, gender is associated with the social constructionist theory, which argues that the way we are is dependent on our race, class, and sexuality. Because each person is different in their race, class, and sexuality, their gender becomes socially constructed.... [tags: Race, Class, Gender]
1096 words (3.1 pages)
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1898 words (5.4 pages)
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969 words (2.8 pages)
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1041 words (3 pages)
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1083 words (3.1 pages)
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1652 words (4.7 pages)
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