The nation’s original constitution was being re-evaluated by the various delegates present during the Constitutional Convention of 1787. The Articles of Confederation, as the preliminary constitution was christened, had been the bylaws of the United States for six years. It was intended to govern the nation until 1790. However, it was determined to be simply too ineffective because it lacked the power to levy taxes, required the unanimous approval of all thirteen states to be amended meaning it was virtually impossible for changes to be made, and regulate commerce which caused competition between states. According to the first president of the United States, George Washington, the original constitution was “a half-starved, limping Government, that appears to be always moving upon crutches and tottering at every step” (qtd. in Smith 11). Delegates convened for a Constitutional Convention to begin drafting a new, more-effective constitution. In September, copies of the proposed Constitution were given to the delegates to be presented to their respective state legislatures for ratification. The proponents of the new Constitution, christened Federalists, actively sought after its passage. While its opponents, christened Antifederalists, feared the perceived loss of states’ rights and the absence of a bill of rights. Hamilton, Jay, and Madison were fervent Federalists. Thus, they...
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...wer and favor the affluent. Madison disagrees, proclaiming “a pure democracy… can admit of no cure for the mischiefs of faction” (Publius 671).
“Federalists.” U.S. History, 2011. Web. 15 October 2011.
“Hamilton, Jay, and Madison: The Federalist.” WikiSummary, 2007. Web. 15 October 2011.
Kauffmann, Bruce G. “James Madison: Godfather of the Constitution.” Archiving Early America. Web. 15 October 2011.
Nelson, Brittany. “The Federalist Papers Study Guide: Summary and Analysis of Essay 10.” GradeSaver, 10 September 2000. Web. 15 October 2011.
Publius. “The Federalist.” The Norton Anthology: American Literature. Vol. A. Ed. Jacob E. Cooke. New York: Norton, 2007. 665-674. Print.
Smith, Robert W. Spotlight on America: The Constitution. New York: TCR, 2004. Print.
“Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.” Radford University. Web. 10 October 2011.
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