This critical review will analyse and discuss the representation of women in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby. First, this analysis will meticulously study the female characters in the novel and how they conform and react to De Beauvoir’s idea of “gender as a social or cultural category”, (De Beauvoir, 1972). Secondly, this review will highlight the patriarchal elements of the novel and how this has controlled the way the female characters are portrayed. Patriarchy is labelled as one of the key aspects in the oppression of women (Johnson, 1997). Johnson, (1997) expressed, “a society is patriarchal to the degree that it promotes male privilege by being male-dominated, male-identified and male-centered,” This review will investigate whether the female characters comply with, or reject the patriarchal standards that support socially constructed gender roles. Gender roles are a means to implement a certain set of social and behavioural values by which women are expected to adhere to, (Eckes and Trautner, 2000).
Furthermore, this review wil...
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...ery prosperous as the country recouped from World War I (Ibid, 2011).
The novel, narrated by Nick Garraway, follows Nick and Gatsby 's friendship and Gatsby 's pursuit of a married woman named Daisy, who would eventually lead to Gatsby’s demise. This echoes Fitzgerald’s own experience with his relationship with Zelda. Zelda declined to wed Fitzgerald until he could comfortably support her, (Boulter, 2011). Similarly, in The Great Gatsby, Daisy is a materialistic young lady who rejects Gatsby for a "wealthier" man (Ibid, 2011). Furthermore, Gatsby compromised his honour by writing short stories to reserve the lavish way of life that Zelda desired. Comparably, Gatsby compromises his integrity by bootlegging, in order to get enough money to please daisy (Ibid, 2011). Gatsby’s wild parties in the novel echo the Fitzgerald’s lifestyle of self-indulgence, (Prigozy, 2002).
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