The first socio- demographic to be examined is Gender. This is the only socio- demographic that has not witnessed any significant change since the 1980s. It has been observed that there is a clear strong bias towards men, making them overrepresented in the electorate. This is highlighted through the significant amount of literature and surveys that apart from some exceptions illustrate the male trend has continued over the last 35 years. For instance, Betz (1994) has argued the bias has “persisted regardless of party’s ideology or whether or not it had established itself in the party system” (Betz, 1994; 142-143). Looking at results from the 1984 elections in France, 13 per cent were ...
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...ge in Radical Right-wing Populist Party Support’, Comparative European Politics, 3(1): 76-101.
• Givens, Terri E. (2004), ‘The Radical Right Gender Gap’, Comparative Political Studies, 37(1): 30-54
• Goodwin, Matthew J., Robert Ford, Bobby Duffy and Rea Robey (2010), ‘Who votes Extreme Right in Twenty-First Century Britain? The Social Bases of Support for the National Front and the British National Party, in Roger Eatwell and Matthew J. Goodwin (eds), The ‘New’ Extremism in Twenty-First Century Britain, pp. 191-210, Abingdon: Routledge.
• Hainsworth, Paul (2008), The Extreme Right in Western Europe, Abingdon: Routledge ( page numbers)
• Mudde, Cas (2007), Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 111-117
• Norris, Pippa (2005), Radical Right: Voters and Parties in the Electoral Market, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
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