Extinct Great Apes Essay

Extinct Great Apes Essay

Length: 1914 words (5.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Inferring Dentition and Diet in Extinct Great Apes
by Looking at Extant Great Apes




INTRODUCTION

Knowing the diet of extant primate taxon opens up the possibility of predicting a good deal about its morphology and natural history. Morphology and natural history of extant primates is also important in making accurate inferences regarding their dentition and diet. However, when it comes to extinct primate taxon making dentition and dietary inferences are challenging and the evidence available is indirect (Cuozzo, 2008). The purpose of this research is to address the inferences that can be made about dentition and diet of extinct great apes from the Miocene by looking at dentition and diet of extant great apes including the bonobo, chimpanzee and gorilla. These diverse groups of vanished Miocene apes first existed millions of years ago and later diversified into various forms before they became extinct around 1.4 million years ago (Teaford, 2002).

AIMS

Reviewing the physical properties of food can be used to investigate the functional morphology of dentition.

The research project has three main objectives:

1. to discuss microwear and time of microwear on teeth of extinct great apes;
2. to discuss changes in habitat and environmental variability, nature of diet and dietary changes, and nature of and reliance on fallback foods of extinct great apes; and
3. to interpret the various studies inferring dentition and diet in extinct great apes.

RESEARCH JUSTIFICATION

While the discovery of Australopithecus afarensis made many researchers emphasize bipedalism in human origin scenarios, there is much less attention given to dietary roles in ecology and early hominid evolution. Diet is an important parameter that underlin...


... middle of paper ...


...lar Southeast Asia. International Journal of Primatology 31:1147-1160.

Powers DMW. 2006. Comparative, continuity, and computational evidence in evolutionary theory: Predictive evidence versus productive evidence. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29:294.

Roemer GW, Gompper ME and Van Valkenburgh B. 2009. The ecological role of the mammalian mesocarnivore. Bioscience 59:165-173.

Stanford CB. 2006. The behavioral ecology of sympatric African apes: Implications for understanding fossil hominoid ecology. Primates 47:91-101.

Teaford MF. 2002. Human diet: Its origin and evolution. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group.

Ungar PA. 2010. Mammal teeth: Origin, evolution and diversity. Maryland: JHU Press.

Wood B and Schroer K. 2012. Rebuilding the diet of an extinct hominin taxon: The function of extant primate models. International Journal of Primatology 33:716-742.


Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Eating Apes by Dale Paterson Essay

- ... It did not matter that apes are considered genetically close to humans – modern gorilla DNA is 97.7 percent the same as that of humans and modern chimpanzee and bonobo DNA are about 98.7 percent identical to humans. Instead, as long as hunters were getting paid and the locals were supplied with food that was all that mattered. While I thought that Peterson’s descriptions sufficed to help the readers see how apes were treated – dead or alive, the pictures were more shocking. Originally, I skipped over the pictures, but they served to help bring Peterson’s words to life....   [tags: killing and eating apes, gorilla]

Powerful Essays
1724 words (4.9 pages)

The Great Apes Of Africa Essay

- What is evolution. Evolution is a theory in which over a large periodical amount of time living things change physical features or behaviors to become the way they are. Now the big question is did humans magically appear on Earth. The answer is no. Humans evolved in a very slow manner over a large amount of time. Scientists have proven human physical and behavioral characteristics evolved from ape-like ancestors. Evidence has also shown that these characteristics took approximately six millions years to become the way they are now....   [tags: Human, Human evolution, Hominidae, Neanderthal]

Powerful Essays
1349 words (3.9 pages)

Essay Endangerment of Great Apes

- Great Apes are at the brink of extinction due to deforestation, hunting, and bushmeat trade. Our closest cousins are now viewed as economic commodities rather than valuable agents to the environment and humanity. In order to explore this issue, there must be an examinitation of why primate populations are dwindling, if these populations can replenish themselves, and what measures the international community is taking to alleviate the problem. Bushmeat is a popular source of animal protein in West and Central Africa....   [tags: Factors, Primates Value]

Powerful Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

The Experiments On Great Apes Essay

- Experiments on Great Apes Humans and great apes (including chimpanzees, orangutans, gorillas and bonobos) are part of the family Hominidae (Moyà-Solà). Among them is a shared common ancestor, therefore many similar traits can be found. Chimpanzees specifically, are humans’ closest living genetic relative and they share about 99% of our DNA (Gibbons). Chimpanzees are so similar to humans that they can be infected with nearly all the same humans diseases. This similarity has led many researchers to use chimpanzees and other great apes in biomedical experiments....   [tags: Chimpanzee, Hominidae, Human, Gorilla]

Powerful Essays
946 words (2.7 pages)

extinction of great apes Essay

- The great apes are humankind’s closest relatives. Great apes include gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, and bonobos, which are also known as pygmy chimps. At the turn of the century, there were approximately one million chimpanzees in Africa. This number has declined down to 150,000. Mountain gorillas have halved in size over the last ten years, leaving only 320 to roam the trees of their homeland. Some say these great apes will face extinction within a decade. Why is this the case and should we let this happen....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
976 words (2.8 pages)

Analysis Of Planet Of The Apes Essay

- Discuss the representation of the world of your text. The 2001 film, Planet of the Apes represents a dystopian world. A dystopian world describes an imaginary society that is as dehumanising and as unpleasant as possible. In the film Planet of the Apes, the world is ruled by humanoid apes who can speak the human language and who treat human beings as their slaves. The world has been represented so that the roles of humans and apes have been reversed in the film, the apes have taken over the superior role in the world whereas the humans have been downgraded to the, as referred to, as the 'dirty animals '....   [tags: Female, Male, Gender role, Religion]

Powerful Essays
1087 words (3.1 pages)

Planet of the Apes Essay

- Planet of the Apes When Planet of the Apes opened in theaters, few people knew what to expect. To most, the idea of a movie with the premise of a planet full of intelligent apes went against everything they had been taught. The initial attraction was the superb cast, spearheaded by Charlton Heston who portrays Taylor, an astronaut who crashes onto the planet. Heston was joined by many popular actors and actress such as, Roddy McDowell as Cornelius, Maurice Evans as Dr. Zaius and Kim Hunter as Zira....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
1045 words (3 pages)

Primate Intelligence: Apes Essay example

- Monkey see, monkey do. Apes have always been thought to have an increased level of intelligence. Over the years, researchers have attempted to understand the degree of intelligence these primates possess. However, it is essential to understand the definition of intelligence in order to determine the amount of intelligence primates have. Intelligence is the capability of obtaining knowledge and being able to utilize it in everyday situations. There are many hypotheses that focus on the evolution of intelligence in primates that view a number of factors including brain size and modernism....   [tags: Brain Size, Cognition, Food]

Powerful Essays
1577 words (4.5 pages)

Essay about Are Apes Capable Of Using The Language?

- Are Apes Capable Of Using The Language. Scientists have shown that such mammals as chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans are capable of learning and using ASL (American Sign Language) and several artificial languages like, for example, «Yerkish.» However, there is a controversy in how far that ability of great apes spans. There are two different groups of researchers, experimenting with language and apes, those who are in favor of a «traditional» approach, and those who prefer a new, «modern» one....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
843 words (2.4 pages)

Planet Of The Apes Satire Essay

- The setting of the movie compared to the setting in the book makes Planet of the Apes one of the greatest satires. In the movie, the setting takes place on earth in the future where apes deny and are afraid of the past, whereas the setting in the book is on a different planet where apes are civilized and technologically advanced, and the humans were primitive creatures. The orangutans in the movie prevent what happened to the humans from happening to the apes. Orangutans, such as Zaius went to great work as destroying the cave where the evidence of the humans reigned is revealed and removing Landen’s memory....   [tags: essays research papers]

Powerful Essays
748 words (2.1 pages)