The Extent to which Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Can Contribute towards Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change Futures

The Extent to which Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Can Contribute towards Mitigation and Adaptation to Climate Change Futures

Length: 1051 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

1. Introduction
Climate change the ‘wicked problem’ is continuously imposing significant threat to the nature as whole according to the recent projections (IPCC 2013; Bondeau et al. 2013). This anticipated hazard is unavoidable to some extent though the source of the problem (‘green house gas’ emission) is barred right now (IPCC 2014a). Combination of mitigation (reducing or capturing GHG) and adaptation effort has been suggested both in the short and long term to achieve the complementary advantage (i.e. cost) and to reduce the risk (IPCC 2014a; 2014b).
Transportation, residential and business energy use and industrial sector is the major contributor of global GHG emission (EPA 2013). These three sectors are influenced actively by spatial planning and overarching environmental planning through Strategic Environmental Assessment-‘SEA’ and Environmental Impact Assessment-‘EIA’. This is because the pattern of land use within any area sets the characteristics of the emission from the aforementioned two sectors which is governed largely by SEA in Europe (key contributor in global emission) and industrial emission is ruled through EIA; the two most vital tool of spatial planning for securing the broad environmental goal (Hurlimann and March 2012; Wende et al. 2012). Furthermore, climate risk can be reduced significantly through incorporating adaptation solutions (i.e. drainage, air circulation) in the land use/spatial plan. Indeed, SEA and EIA is acknowledged as the means for the implementation of climate protection within spatial planning and thus can be seen as the appropriate tool for ‘climate proofing’ (Blanco et al. 2009).
The strategic environmental assessment (SEA) procedure is well-grounded to methodically deal ...


... middle of paper ...


...ss in Planning, 75(3), pp.109–154.
Runge, K., Wachter, T. and Rottgardt, E.M. (2011). Climate Adaption, Climate Proofing and Environmental Assessment – Practical Necessities and Integration Potential. UVP Report, 24(4), pp.165–169.
Sadler, B. (1996). Environmental Assessment in a Changing World: Evaluating Practice to Improve Performance. Hull, Quebec: Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency & International Association for Impact Assessment.
Therivel, R. (2004). Strategic Environmental Assessment in Action. 1st ed. London, UK & Washington, USA: Earthscan.
UNFCC. (1992). United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. [online]. Available from: http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/convkp/conveng.pdf.
Wende, W. et al. (2012). Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in Strategic Environmental Assessment. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 32(1), pp.88–93.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »