Emergency contraceptives (ECPs), or plan B, are “hormones in the pill that act as an anabortifacient by thinning the lining of the uterus and preventing the newly-conceived child from implanting” (Warber 15). ECPs delay ovulation, therefore preventing any chance of pregnancy. In one study, two out of 100 women had an unplanned pregnancy although they took the pill at the correct time. ECPs are not effective if taken before intercourse (Hirsh “Emergency Contraception” 2). For ECPs to work their best, they must be taken no later than seventy-two hours after unprotected sex. Another dose can be taken twelve hours after the first dose (1).
ECPs have few side effects, but can cause nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, headaches, or the menstrual period may be irregular. Most side effects improve within one to two days (Hirsh “Emergency Contraception” 2). ECPs are either prescribed by a doctor or retrieved at a health clinic (3). The cost of ECPs usually runs from eight to thirty-five dollars per pill, and insurance covers this in most situations. Also, by calling (888) NOT-2LATE, one may find someone in the area who sells ECPs (3).
Another type of birth control is “the pill.” This form of birth control “constitutes a class of synthetic steroid hormones that suppress the release of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland in the female body” (“Drug”1). In other words, the pill con...
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---. “Birth Control: Birth Control Ring.” Teens Health. Feb. 2007. 12 Dec. 2008.
---. “Birth Control: Birth Control Shot.” Teens Health. Feb. 2007. 12 Dec. 2008.
---. “Birth Control: Emergency Contraception.” Teens Health. Feb. 2007. 15 Dec. 2008.
Summers, Anthony. “Interaction of Antibiotics and Oral Contraceptives.” Emergency Nurse.
Oct. 2008: Vol. 16 Issue 6, p20-21. EBSCO. Guymon High School Library. Guymon,
OK. 9 Dec. 2008.
Tranell, Kim. “The Truth About the Pill.” Seventeen. Nov. 2008: Vol. 67, No. 11, p. 73.
Warber, Jeffrey D.C., M.D. “Birth Control Pills Side Effects.” Health Center. 10 Dec. 2008.
“Birth Control.” The World Book Encyclopedia. 1998 ed.
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