A number of different merit pay systems exist. Some reward entire schools or districts when passing rates on standardized tests are achieved, while others reward individual teachers for passing rates. Some rely on peer or administrator evaluations and staff development as additional measures of student achievement. For the purpose of this paper, I will focus upon those which reward individual teachers as this seems to be the direction in which current policy is heading.
In order for a potential policy to be viable, it must address a perceived problem (Fowler, 2009). The need to retain effective teachers is evidenced by:
• Most countries report difficulties in retaining teachers (Ingvarson, Kleinhenz & Wilkinson, 2007).
• Only 2 states require teacher effectiveness to be considered when awarding tenure; all others award tenure more-or-less automatically (National Council on Teacher Quality, 2008).
• In a study of five school districts with nearly 75,000 tenured teachers, it was found that the likelihood of a teacher being terminated for poor performance was 1 in 18,500 (The New Teacher Project, 2009).
• During the first three years of teaching, when working toward tenure, a teacher’s impact
on student achievement is rarely evaluated well (National Coun...
... middle of paper ...
Scriven, M. (1994). Duties of the teacher. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, 8(2), 151-184.
Shulman, L. S. (1988). A union of insufficiencies: Strategies for teacher assessment in a period of educational reform. Educational Leadership, November, 36-41.
Solmon, L. C, White, J. T., Cohen, D. & Woo, D. (2007). The Effectiveness of the Teacher Advancement Program. Report: National Institute for Excellence in Teaching
Springer, M., Podgursky, M. & Lewis, J (2009). Governor’s Educator Excellence Grant (GEEG)
Program: Year three evaluation report. Austin, TX: Texas Education Agency.
Stronge, J.H. (Ed.) (1997). Evaluating teaching: A guide to current thinking and best practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Urbanski, A. & Erskine, R. (2000). School reform, TURN, and teacher compensation. Phi Delta Kappan, 81(5), 367-370.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- This study analyzes four articles’ study findings as well as authors’ conclusion on the teachers’ incentive pay issue based on the studies presented by the authors. Those articles include Steele, Murname and Willnett (2009) that seek to analyze the effect of incentives on teachers’ retention. In the article, a natural experiment done in California between the year 2000 and 2003 involving an incentive of $20,000 that was called the Governor’s Teaching Fellowship (GTF) analyzes the incentives’ effect on talented teachers’ attraction and retention in low-performing schools.... [tags: education reform, tests scores, parental control]
2984 words (8.5 pages)
- The dispute surrounding merit pay for teachers has existed for decades in many countries across the globe. The debate has been particularly heated in the United States. Since the 1920s, public schools began awarding pay mostly according to title, and seniority rather than merit. Numerous attempts have been made to introduce merit pay systems throughout this period, but it never gained widespread popularity on a national level. Now, however, political leaders such as Barack Obama have supported merit pay for teachers.... [tags: teachers, merit pay systems, american schools]
828 words (2.4 pages)
- When it comes to performance-related pay or in other words, merit pay, I believe that most people are familiar with this concept. This method of payment means that with more labor, better performance, and results, people can get a higher salary in return. It is very common in many industries, such as in sales or on production lines. However, whether it should be applied to the teaching profession is always a controversial issue. Some people think that it would be unfair for teachers, but others think that this can help increase competition, thereby improving the quality of teaching.... [tags: Teacher, Education, School, Profession]
1194 words (3.4 pages)
- Merit pay is defined as “a term that describes pay-for performance, is defined as a raise in pay based on a set of criteria set by the employer. This usually involves the employer conducting a review meeting with the employee to discuss the employee’s work performance during a certain time period. Merit pay is a matter between an employer and an employee (or the employees’ representative” (Department of labor). In simpler terms it is “an approach to compensation that rewards the higher performing employees with additional pay or incentive pay” (Human Resources).... [tags: Employment, Motivation, The Work, Merit pay]
1353 words (3.9 pages)
- When it comes to education, everyone has an opinion. But, does anyone truly have the perfect solution. One proposed solution bringing about debate in the last few years has been merit pay for teachers (Wright, 2003). As we know, teachers often receive the brunt of criticism from the public when it comes to the failure of education. But is merit pay the solution. Wright (2003) states that although there may be some validation to the idea of merit pay, there are also some serious concerns. As more public gains concern for the quality of education, the more interest the public has in teacher accountability and performance.... [tags: Education]
2293 words (6.6 pages)
- I. Introduction The dispute surrounding merit pay for teachers has existed for decades in many countries across the globe. The debate has been particularly heated in the United States. Since the 1920s, public schools began awarding pay mostly according to title, and seniority rather than merit. Numerous attempts have been made to introduce merit pay systems throughout this period, but it never gained widespread popularity on a national level. Now, however, political leaders such as Barack Obama have supported merit pay for teachers.... [tags: Education System, School Performance]
1957 words (5.6 pages)
- I have never seen a topic that contains two words that strike as much fear and diverse opinions in teachers as merit pay. There are two distinct sides to this topic. On the pro side are usually state officials and some administrators, on the other are teachers. I chose the topic of merit pay for teachers for several reasons. The first is I enjoy reading the different economic theories that both sides use in arguing their points on merit pay. It is very interesting to see how some basic economic concepts are misused and misunderstood when money is at stake.... [tags: Economics, Capitalism, Salary, Supply and demand]
1616 words (4.6 pages)
- President Barrak Obama’s administration has come up with a solution to the teacher merit pay problem. The administration has stated that this program will give teachers the incentive they need to perform at the top notch quality the nation wants (Gratz). Teachers all around the United States have had issues with the new proposal but they have also found it very beneficial. Merit pay for teachers will largely be based off test scores, which means the students will have a large impact on the teacher’s career.... [tags: salary, education, test scores]
1706 words (4.9 pages)
- For years, educators and government officials have argued what the most effective system of payment is for teachers in the United States. Government officials state that a “merit pay” system, where teacher pay would reflect the students’ test scores, would be the most effective and would increase teacher performance. Teachers, on the other hand, see the merit pay system as a threat to their salaries and fear that they cannot control student performance. The debate will continue for years to come.... [tags: merit pay systems, performance pay systems]
2128 words (6.1 pages)
- Should we include merit pay as a part of educational reform. These days, merit pay for teachers becomes a very arguable topic. Merit pay, also known as pay by performance, is a payment schedule for teachers that design to motivate teachers and improve our education. However, although more and more schools and states begin to try this new payment schedule, only a few of them get some significant results. Because of that, more and more people begin to doubt the effectiveness of merit pay. Should merit pay become a part of our educational reform become a serious problem for everyone to think about.... [tags: pay by performance]
1241 words (3.5 pages)