Wood's data collection was conducted in a unnamed prison in a southern state, where he surveyed over 700 individuals concerning their length of incarceration, their past incarcerations and how likely they perceived themselves as returning to a life of crime after completing their sentence. The data showed, through bi-variate regressions, that with a p-value of <.000 all measures o...
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...ual may, being submersed in this subculture, develop a new "primary reference group" with habitual offenders who reinforce acts of crime. In line with the social learning theory as the offenders become more integrated within this subculture and the criminal lifestyle they will begin to learn new "definitions about costs and benefits associated with crime." Submersion within this new reference group while incarcerated with other offenders increased the likelihood that on reentry into society that and individual will re-offend. This combined with the punishments that prevails after reentry into society - difficulties getting a job, housing, assistance, disenfranchisement - creates social situation where the culture to which the offender was to reformed into fitting rejects him/her and the culture which promoted criminal activity and recidivism accepts that individual.
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