In the first article I read “Euthanasia, Ethics and Public Policy: An Argument Against Legislation” by John Keown. According to Keown the term euthanasia can be defined as,
“The active, intentional termination of a patient’s life by a doctor who thinks that death is a benefit to that patient. Euthanasia then is not simply a doctor doing something which he foresees will shorten the patient’s life, but doing something intending to shorten the patient’s life” (397). In his article he mentions different types of euthanasia; which include voluntary active euthanasia (VAE), non-voluntary euthanasia (NVAE), and involuntary active euthanasia IVAE). Voluntary active euthanasia can best be described as maneuvers carried out by another person to terminate life by the patient’s wishes. Non-voluntary euthanasia is reserved for instances where the person may not be able to make their own decision. This applies in cases of babies, young children, and those who do not have the...
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...er went on to say that the interpation of euthanasia; is a Greek phrase meaning "good death". The medical community has made many discoveries that has enabled life to be lengthened, even if the patient is terminally ill. "Negative euthanasia has arisen to classify the practice of withholding or withdrawing extraordinary mean(e.g., intravenous feeding, respirators, and artificial kidney machines) to preserve life" (Euthanasia). Positive euthanasia refers to events that in turn, cause death. "Passive uethanasia is used when certain common methods of treatmetn, such as antibotics, drugs, or surgery, are withheld or a large quanity of needed but ultimately lethal pain medicication is supplied" (Euthanasia). The article also mentions that if a patient has a living will; that clearly list their wish to substain from artificial means of life, then the will can be upheld.
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