Essay on Exploring and Applying the Theories of Health and Health Promotion

Essay on Exploring and Applying the Theories of Health and Health Promotion

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Introduction
Health is an important factor in everyone’s life. When people talk about health, some are solely focused and concerned on physical aspect of the health. However, health is “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (Davies & Macdowall, 2006). Therefore, keeping yourself healthy emotionally, physically, and spiritually maintains and improves quality of life. From infants to older adults, maintaining optimal health is a common goal for all of us. As healthcare members, it is our responsibilities to promote optimal health to patients and general public. According to Davies & Macdowall (2006), health promotion is the “process of enabling people to increase control over the determinants of health and thereby improve their health”. It is imperative for healthcare members to fully explore and understand the theories of health and health promotion to establish effective planning and interventions for patients.
In United States, we have more culturally and ethnically diverse population than any other country. The morbidity and mortality rates, prevalence of risk behaviors, and determinants of health behaviors are all different among various culture and ethnic groups (Glanz & Rimer, 1997). As a result, healthcare members must incorporate possible characteristics such as ethnicity, socioeconomic status, gender, age, and geographical location of targeted populations when applying health behavior theories.
Health Belief Model
The Health Belief Model (HBM) is one of the widely used theories in the healthcare field to facilitate health promotion. The model applies six concepts to the theory, which includes perceived susceptibility, perceived s...


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...an Services. NIH Pub. No. 97-2896. Washington, DC: NIH, Revised September 1997.
Keane, M. & Coverdale, G. (2011). Promoting Health: A Smoking Cessation Case Study. Nursing Standard, 26(4), 35-40.
Reiter, P., Brewer, N., Gottlieb, S., McRee, A. & Smith, J. (2009). Parents’ Health Beliefs and HPV Vaccination of Their Adolescent Daughters, Social Science & Medicine, doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.05.024
Scanlon, A. & Clark, E. & McGuiness, W. (2008) Acute Care Nurses’ Attitudes Towards and Knowledge of Nationally Endorsed 5As Smoking Cessation Guidelines. Contemporary Nurse: A Journal For The Australian Nursing Profession, 29(1), 80-91. doi:10.5172/conu.673.29.1.80
US Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. 2004. Accessed at www.surgeongeneral.gov/library/smokingconsequences/ on April 30, 2014.

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