It is widely understood that a secure attachment is characterized by the development of a trusting and dependable relationship with the caregiver and aids the child’s sense of security and emotions. On the other hand, there are many types of insecure attachments that can occur that create vulnerability and possible social and psychological problems such as depression (Davila, Ramsay, Blum & Steinberg, 2005). There is a vast amount of research that reveals the effects of poor early attachment being closely associated with depression in adult life (Carnelly, Pietromonaco, & Jaffe 1994; Hammen et al., 1995; Gerlsma & Luteijn, 2000), in adolescent life (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987; Armsden, McCauley, Greenberg, Burke, & Mitchell, 1990; West et al., 1999), and even a predictive tool for depressive symptoms during childhood (Abe...
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To conclude, in spite of much compelling evidence that shows a strong correlation between insecure attachments and depression, it is important to note that causation cannot be established. Insecure attachments do not cause depression, however, can create a cognitive vulnerability to such symptoms that can develop into the disorder (Beck, 1987). Childhood attachments are not fixed states, they’re subject to vary over time, and it would be incredibly deterministic to evaluate an individual on an attachment formed during infancy throughout their whole life. With that being said, depression is a complex disorder with several categories that are incessantly being explored and researched. Childhood attachment may cover a section of the explanation for such a disorder but to ignore other life and developmental factors would be considered reductionist.
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