Exploration and Conquest of the New World and Africa Essay

Exploration and Conquest of the New World and Africa Essay

Length: 2017 words (5.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Geopolitical necessity drove the Europeans to explore and conquer, beginning in earnest in the fifteenth-century. New trade routes and colonies were established. Technological advances led to their success on the African continent as well as in the New World, and the discoveries made in turn led to further exploration and conquest. Eventually, as the results of these conquests became known, questions arose regarding the proper roles of government, papal authority and the rights of the conquerors and the conquered. This transitory period of European history would alter the course of overall human history and directly set it on four continents.
The exploration of the West African coast was just a preliminary to the India Trade (Parry, 131). Prince Henry encouraged his explorers to continue making their way further and further down the coastline to gain more intelligence and make more money (Parry, 132). His death in 1460 signaled an end to further exploration for a time, as the mariners had gotten to a point of coast around Benin that was more dangerous to traverse and seek a way through than it was considered worth (Parry, 133). Furthermore, Henry died in debt due to these activities, which discouraged the Crown from spending much on exploration (Parry, 133). Little by little, one small expedition after another, they eventually found the coastline trending south and continued to chart the waters and coastline until war broke out between Portugal and Castile in 1475 (Parry, 134).
The Succession War, as it came to be called, started due to the efforts of the Castilians to prevent Prince Henry's daughter, Juana, from ascending to the throne and in her place set Isabella (Parry, 134). Four years of brutal fighting took...


... middle of paper ...


...ing and extending the faith to state governments, but he had no authority to direct a general conquest (Parry, 308,309). Furthermore, Las Casas stated that the Spanish kings, in the view that they were ordained by God, had four key duties: “the king must provide justice and keep the peace; he must uphold and defend the Church and its missionary work; he must maintain the respect and rights of his subjects according to custom, including both their property and their legal liberties; and he must preserve the realm and the royal authority, which is not his own, intact for his successors” (Parry, 309). Las Casas argued that these dictations applied not only within the traditional realm of Spain but also to its holdings abroad (Parry, 309,310).



Works Cited

Parry, J. H.. The Age of Reconnaissance. California ed. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1981. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Reasons for Exploration Essay

- Reasons for Exploration Before the Age of Exploration, little was known to the Europeans of the outside world. There was the misconception that the earth was flat and finite. Likewise, in accordance to the Bible, people thought that the earth was 7/8 land. From this belief it was thought that any voyage around Africa to India would be impossible, as it was suggested that landmass would obstruct any vessel. As well there was no knowledge of the existence of the Americas or Australia. However, it was these misconceptions that gave explorers such as Columbus reasoning to sail west to go east....   [tags: Age of Exploration]

Term Papers
547 words (1.6 pages)

Pathfinders: A Global History of Exploration by Felipe Fernandez-Armesto

- ... Pathfinders tells a story of the explorers of the globe with much different, less noble motivations. Fernández-Armesto begins his exposition of global exploration's history with a description of the miniscule and forgettable existence of human beings against such a vast backdrop as the universe. "Enmeshed in our own history," we fail to see how small we really are in the larger picture of time and space. Human's tendency is to centralize and aggrandize their own existence, in exploration, history and imagery....   [tags: human exploration, history, conquistadors]

Term Papers
1062 words (3 pages)

Essay on Benefits of Space Exploration: Finding Underground Water Resources

- It has long been said that the exploration of the cosmos should be secondary to the resolution of the problems on the planet Earth. However, as scientists and engineers reach further and further out into the reaches of the stars, they gain equally substantial insight into how to solve problems on Earth. Most people are ignorant to the potential gains the human race could make from exploring space. In fact, engineers have developed different ways to adapt technology from the space program to solve prevalent issues on Earth....   [tags: Space Exploration Essays]

Term Papers
957 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about Christopher Columbus And The New Era Of Exploration

- From the sixteenth century to the eighteenth century, the Atlantic World, which includes all of the continents whose borders touch the Atlantic Ocean, saw great change as explorers began to settle new worlds and trade expanded. Connections between Europe, Africa, and the Americas brought change socially and economically through the expansion of trade, including both human and inhuman commodities, and the natural gains and consequences of claiming a new world as your own. The Renaissance in Western Europe marked the end of the Middle Ages and the start of Europe’s rise as a global power....   [tags: Slavery, Africa, Atlantic slave trade]

Term Papers
1364 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Analysis of The Age of Exploration

- The Age of Exploration was one of the most important time periods to have ever impacted the world. The Age of Exploration started in the late 1400’s until the 17th Century. During this time major events take place, such as trading between nations, new sailing routes, and the establishment of the New World. During the Eastern trade at the start of The Age of Exploration, the Italians were making a monopoly by silk, spices, and gold. This began to strike the attention of other European nations and influenced their decision to seek out new routes to the Indies....   [tags: new world, christopher columbus, aztecs]

Term Papers
644 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on The Explanations For Europe 's Colonization Of Africa

- The explanations for Europe’s colonization of Africa, then, are as diverse and manifold as the conjectures of history will allow. It is likely that each supposition contains some elements of reality and holds some explanatory power. However, it is probably the combination of several suppositions that is best suited to capture the motivating factors. It becomes us to bear in mind that the conquest of Africa was not carried out by a monolithic entity with a single set of objectives. Consequently, the question “Why did Europe colonize Africa?” demands a thorough exploration of all factors, domestic and foreign, influencing a particular state’s conquest in a particular part of the African contin...   [tags: Africa, West Africa, Atlantic slave trade]

Term Papers
727 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about African Civil Society : The Paradox Of Africa

- Introduction Maathai believes that Africa needs to unite and find their cultural inheritance. They should fight of the legacies left by colonialism, endemic corruption, poverty and climate change together to build a better continent for all Africans. This is done through transparent, ethical leadership free from western influence, but from within African civil society itself, through grassroots movements (Maathai: 2009). Maathai highlights the paradox of Africa; it is a con-tinent rich in natural resources such as diamonds, oil, copper and many more, yet it is still one of if not the poorest continent on the planet....   [tags: Poverty, Africa, Capitalism, Welfare state]

Term Papers
712 words (2 pages)

The Development Of European Exploration And Imperialism Essay

- European Exploration and Imperialism was a major development in the 1500s and continued shaping the world throughout the 1700s. In this time between 1500 and 1700 there were many changes to the world as it was known. Some of these changes included improved trade routes, broader views on all subjects, expansion, and even new inventions. The development of European exploration and Imperialism is a positive development due to the fact that though it did hurt some cultures it brought the world further in technology, secular thought, and connection between continents....   [tags: Africa, Europe, United States, Colonialism]

Term Papers
729 words (2.1 pages)

What Fundamental Factors Drew Europeans to The Exploration, Conquest, and Settlement of the New World?

- Toward the end of pre-colonial times in Europe, due to the fall of Constantinople, many European nations felt the need to find an alternate route to the East Indies. The trade of rare goods such as spices, rice, exotic fruits and silk fabrics were much in demand, but came at extreme prices. In the beginning of the ‘Age of Exploration’, Portugal was in the forefront with the early explorers Henry the Navigator, Zarco and Tristao Vaz Teixeira, and Diogo Silves discovering the Madeira Islands, the Azores, and the exploration of Africa respectively, but King John the II of Portugal was unconvinced by Christopher Columbus’s pleas to fund his plan to sail West to the East Indies....   [tags: church, christopher columbus, trade]

Term Papers
1072 words (3.1 pages)

Motives for British Imperialism in Africa Essays

- Motives for British Imperialism in Africa Before the Europeans began the New Imperialism in Africa, very little was known about the inner parts of the continent. However, after some explorers delved deeper into the heart of Africa, the Europeans soon realized how economically important this area was, and how much they could profit from it. At the time, Britain had only small occupations of land in Africa, but after they realized that they could make money from the rich resources from the inner regions of Africa, they wanted to invade the African countries and take over....   [tags: Imperialism Africa Governmental Essays]

Term Papers
5625 words (16.1 pages)