Essay on The Explanations For Europe 's Colonization Of Africa

Essay on The Explanations For Europe 's Colonization Of Africa

Length: 727 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The explanations for Europe’s colonization of Africa, then, are as diverse and manifold as the conjectures of history will allow. It is likely that each supposition contains some elements of reality and holds some explanatory power. However, it is probably the combination of several suppositions that is best suited to capture the motivating factors. It becomes us to bear in mind that the conquest of Africa was not carried out by a monolithic entity with a single set of objectives. Consequently, the question “Why did Europe colonize Africa?” demands a thorough exploration of all factors, domestic and foreign, influencing a particular state’s conquest in a particular part of the African continent.






Amid the Middle Ages Europe knew little of its southern neighbor, however Spain and Sicily were somewhat under the command of the Mohammedans, and the Crusaders once attacked Egypt. In the fifteenth century Portuguese pioneers cruised south along the Atlantic coast, and in 1488 the colossal pilot, Bartholomew Diaz, adjusted the Cape of Good Hope. Neither these voyages nor that of Vasco da Gama, who came to India by this highway ten years after the fact, energized consideration in different nations, yet the Portuguese discreetly established a few of the provinces which they held for a considerable length of time from there on.


The colonization of Africa by European forces continued in two particular developments, and for two unmistakable arrangements of reasons. The main development was adjusted to the Age of Discovery (1450-1700), when marine European countries looked to make new supply routes of exchange with inaccessible parts of the world. In this method of colonization, the guardian nation looked for just to set up adequate a ...


... middle of paper ...


... and the London Telegraph to discover him; this current pioneer 's incredible commitment to the world 's information was the course of the Congo.


The clarifications for Europe 's colonization of Africa, then, are as differing and complex as the guesses of history will permit. It is likely that every supposition contains a few components of reality and holds some illustrative force. In any case, it is presumably the mix of a few suppositions that is most appropriate to catch the inspiring components. It gets to be us to endure at the top of the priority list that the triumph of Africa was not did by a solid substance with a solitary arrangement of destinations. Thus, the inquiry "Why did Europe colonize Africa?" requests an exhaustive investigation of all components, local and remote, affecting a specific state 's triumph in a specific piece of the African mainland.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The General Act of the Berlin Conference on West Africa

- “The brown current ran swiftly out of the heart of darkness, bearing us down towards the sea with twice the speed of our upward progress; and Kurtz’s life was running swiftly, too, ebbing, ebbing out of his heart into the sea of inexorable time. . . ." Joseph Conrad- Heart of Darkness Introduction The aim of this paper is to analyze the General Act of the Berlin Conference on West Africa (1884-1885) and the partition of Africa among the main European powers, considering its importance for the construction of Europe....   [tags: The Conference of Berlin]

Better Essays
2373 words (6.8 pages)

Cuases of the Colonisation of Africa Essay

- The colonisation of Africa occurred in the late nineteenth century, when a small group of European powers became suddenly involved in a “territorial Partition of Africa”. In the time between 1880 and 1900, “90% of the territory of Africa was appropriated by a handful of European powers” . This event sparked an intense historical debate amongst historians as there have been multiple interpretations about the colonisation in Africa. The historical debate is between metropolitan theories (which focuses on the motivations of each European power), for example by Lenin and Hobson, the peripheral approach which looks at the African perspective....   [tags: africa's descolonisation,ajp taylor, imperialism]

Better Essays
1991 words (5.7 pages)

The Colonization Of The Congo Essay

- The Scramble for Africa, named for the speed at which Africa was partitioned and colonized, began with King Leopold II 's conquest of the Congo. However, it did not end with the Belgian occupation of the Congo. Just as Leopold 's Congo was demarcated by the vast extraction of raw materials, most notably rubber, other European powers used African colonies as resource markets. However, economic motivations were not the sole stimulus for colonial expansion into Africa during the late 19th century. The causalities of the Scramble for Africa, and subsequent partition, are the result of a complex interplay between social, political, and economic forces both within Africa and within Europe....   [tags: Europe, Colonialism, Africa, United Kingdom]

Better Essays
2466 words (7 pages)

European Colonisation Of Africa During The 19th Century Essay

- In 1850, only a small chunk of Africa was governed by foreign rulers. By 1914, almost all African land was owned by European powers. The late 19th and early 20th centuries were a huge competition for land as European countries such as Britain, Germany, France, and Belgium competed to claim African land, and thus power and resources. After abolishing the slave trade, European countries continued to trade with Africa for various exotic resources. European businesses would often create treaties with African leaders to gain exclusive trading rights in a region....   [tags: Colonialism, Africa, Atlantic slave trade, Europe]

Better Essays
1096 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on The Colonization of Africa: 1880 to 1914

- The Scramble for Africa took place during the period of time around 1880 until 1914. During this time Africa found itself being split up and divided amongst several European countries. In essence Africa was like a fresh baked pie and everyone wanted a slice. Several factors were the cause of this major land grab being Nationalism, Imperialism and to say the least pure greed. The British were the more dominant entity in the scramble and their main interests in the beginning were to acquire and protect sea routes to India....   [tags: Geopolitics / History]

Better Essays
887 words (2.5 pages)

The Effects of European Imperialism on Africa Essay

- By the year 1924, approximately one-quarter of the world’s total land area and population was under the control of the British Empire. This was the time at which it was at its peak -- however, the British were faced with an abundance of competition during this time. Preceded very closely by the Industrial Revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries, this sudden hunger for expansion was felt by many “famished” countries in Europe -- and elsewhere around the world -- that wished to acquire new territories and, in so doing, gain status and boost their economies....   [tags: British Europe, Africa, Germany]

Better Essays
933 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about African Colonization

- Since time immemorial, the African continent has been subjected to invasions, which later on resulted in quick-paced processes of colonization and assimilation. An early and noteworthy example of the first colonizers of northern Africa includes the Romans, who fought the three Punic Wars against Carthage. What drove the Romans to engage in more than 100 years of bloody war, between 264 and 146 B.C., against the city of Carthage, situated in what had later been named the Gulf of Tunis, was the same thirst for power and land possession that animated the process of colonization of the African continent from the 15th to the early 20th century....   [tags: Imperialism, Europe, History]

Better Essays
1053 words (3 pages)

The De-Colonization of Africa Essay

- The De-Colonization of Africa When a country such as South Africa, or for that matter most African nations, changes governing power, a sufficiently stable social basis is vital to the survival and consolidation of the new political system and transition to democracy. The history of the de-colonization of Africa forewarned South Africa allowing it to prepare for the ensuing changes it faced in the early nineties. South Africa made adequate reforms in its military in order to make the transition to democracy smooth, peaceful, and successful however despite its efforts many of the formal political changes in South Africa were not accompanied by sufficient social change....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
2904 words (8.3 pages)

Extent Europe Benefitted from Colonization Essay

- European success and prosperity today can be taken back to their participation in colonization in the later years of the 19th century. It can be said that European success is because of imperialism. These countries gained in many aspects. I would start with the greatest gain which was the economic aspect. Firstly, Britain had started their Industrial Revolution which gave them a greater advantage in development in Europe in the late 18th century. With Industrialization taking place they needed a constant flow of raw materials at cheap prices....   [tags: Imperialism]

Free Essays
680 words (1.9 pages)

Colonization Essay

- Colonization During the early years of colonization and exploration in North America and Africa, many New World "collided" and brought to each other many new things, both good and bad. There were exchanges of ideas, products and crops that greatly advanced the cultures of all involved, but on the other hand, new diseases, and harsh treatment of one another were also present. Before the arrival of the Europeans to present day United States, the Native Americans treated their homeland with respect and with spiritual properties....   [tags: American America History]

Free Essays
508 words (1.5 pages)