The psychological characteristics associated with Fred’s behavior have pointed to current research that supports the idea of two distinct characteristics of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical research, to be diagnosed with ADHD a child must display at least six of the characteristics of either Inattention or Hyperactivity-Impulsivity. Children who exhibit characteristics of Inattention typically demonstrate difficulty responding to direction, participating in organized tasks, and neglect to complete assignments that have been given to them at school or at home (2008). They are also prone to make careless mistakes in their schoolwork. Another symptom of inattention is the high susceptibility to boredom and distraction (2008).
Children who exhibit the characteristics of Hyperactivity demonstrates the inability to sit stil...
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...uired to make innumerable decisions regarding the delivery of instruction. Teachers’ beliefs and their work contexts are the two key factors influencing how teachers make decisions. Teachers’ work contexts also consist of social pressures on teachers’ decisions, for example, through IEP teams, and interactions with parents and colleagues. Students also provide a context, because each student brings a unique set of circumstances that teachers must consider when devising curriculum. These multiple contextual factors of teachers’ work interact with their beliefs when making decisions for their students.
Teachers use their professional knowledge and beliefs to select and adapt practices to meet the needs of their students, integrate the practices with the characteristics of the particular learning environment, and tailor them to their personal strengths as a teacher.
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