Marxism was founded by Karl Marx and like functionalism it is a structuralist theory; it is another macro approach in some ways taking the same views as functionalism in that Marxists see the structure of society as wholly responsible for the way which an individual’s behaviour is heavily influenced. In opposition to functionalists, Marxists do not see this as fair and believe that society contains vast inequalities that are made to benefit few rather than the many. It takes a macro approach to society and has the idea that societies are orderly due to the ability of powerful and influential groups imposing their ideas on the powerless. “Capital is dead labour, which, vampire – like, lives only by sucking living labour, and lives the more, the more labour it sucks” (Marx, Capital, p. 342). Karl Marx was very influential and there are many variations of his first work. For Marxism class and the economy are key. Work is very important in this as Marx says that all forms of social activity cannot take place without people firstly ensu...
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...ism the way in which they do focus so much on an individual can be seen as either positive or negative.
Bryant, L. Functionalism.
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