The basis of behavior in all living things requires a drive or a goal that the organism is attempting to achieve. I had originally considered the “pain drive theory” but dismissed it as I live in a town where Rodeo is a huge pastime and many people keep getting hurt and breaking their bones, but keep in looking forward to the next “go round.” Abraham Maslow purported that humankind seek to attain several goals on the path to “self efficacy,” though if one breaks down the theories of Maslow even further we get one goal for all living things – Survive. Survival may seem the least likely go...
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...behavior (as has occurred in the case of homosexuality), I would suggest that an understanding of the individual as a whole person, what they see as their individual strengths, needs and cultural diversity are taken into consideration, that we do not dismiss the Native American who “communes with the ancestors” as being schizophrenic or the child who is active and who has parents who want him to “calm down” as ADHD without looking deeper into the situation. That when we find people behaving in ways that to us may seem irrational or abnormal, we consider the deficiencies in their ability to survive without those behaviors and provide for them tools for living, provide for them the means to walk up the pyramid of survival from basic needs and safety to self actualization.
Maddux, James, & Winstead, Barbara. (2007). Psychopathology. New York: Routledge.
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