There is a lot about Babylonian society that can be learned through reading the Code of Hammurabi. In the very least, the document itself and the materials used to produce it tell a lot about how advanced the empire was. In some cases, punishment was left to the gods to determine. The code is interpreted by beginning and ending addressing the gods. Law codes were regarded as a subject for prayer. However, to truly gain an understanding of Mesopotamia in the 17th Century BC, one should take a closer look at the penalties rather than the laws themselves.
In a society that was overwhelmingly illiterate, people would never know their rights if they depended upon a written text. It is apparent that there were several social classes, and that each of those had different consequences and rights. Victims, however, were paid monetarily by the offender. Babylonians viewed punishment as “an eye for an eye” . Hammurabi might have created the laws because he was the ruler, and a standardized code helped control his empire. These codes might have become laws to deal with crime or situations that occurred frequently in Babylonian society. The code of clay tablets provided details on every function, ...
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...man was accused by her husband of sleeping with another man, and she can't prove that she hadn't, she had to throw herself in the river. This also shows that adultery was unacceptable. Also, if a man's wife were caught with another man, the two would be tied together and thrown in the river.
A father had control over his children until they married. He could hire them out in return for money, pledge them for debt, or sell them. Daughters could be dedicated to the service of a god or be given as a concubine – a woman that cohabits with a man without being legally married to him. This gave the woman few legal rights and low social status.
There are many laws or codes that are similar to the Ten Commandments. Babylonians were to respect their neighbors. The codes made it clear that civilizations were to obey their ruler, or king, to prove their faithfulness.
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