Several social changes took place during this period in history. The westward expansion that had taken over America led to changes and reforms of the citizens of the New World. Most migrants that headed west I hopes of having a better life than what they had known in the East, including having more land and growing more bountiful crops. However, this westward movement occurred in sporadic bursts at different times. By 1803, Vermont, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Ohio were brought into the Union as states; between 1816 and 1821, Indiana, Mississippi, Illinois, Alabama, Maine, and Missouri were admitted as a result of the second burst of expansion.
With this westward expansion came the customs that the migrants had from their Eastern regions. For example, those that went to the area known as the “Old Northwest” (today’s region of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and a portion of Minnesota) from New England grew wheat as their primary crop, had dairy farms, and planted fruit orchards. These migrants became known as “Yankees”, and they “valued public schools, lived in houses made of sod, stone, or clapboard, and quickly formed towns.”1 On the other hand, people that migrated from the South to the Old Northwest became known as “butternuts” as a result of the color of their clothing, and they grew corn, raised hogs, and lived on isolated farms in ...
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...in land speculation and dollar values of the land plots. Unfortunately, the “land boom”1 crashed in the Panic of 1819 as a result of the state banks issuing more bank notes than they could redeem and farmers borrowing more money than they could pay back.
There were many changes that took place in the nineteenth century that greatly affected American society and its economy. The westward expansion led to new cultures and increased demand for land, but this high demand for lots led to the Panic of 1819 and its financial burdens from the abundance of loans handed out by the state banks. These changes impacted America immensely, but later led to greater new beginnings for the new country like the Industrial Revolution and the abolitionist movement, but this period that occurred first was very important in the foundation of America’s society and economy that was to come.
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