The first type of culture is dominant culture. Quite often, the dominant culture is reflected as orthodox and universal in society. The dominant culture is typically shared and being practiced cumulatively by society (O’Reilly & Chatman, 1996). Anthropologists normally referred it as ideal cultural patterns. It had received support from majority of the constitutions, in terms of values, norms and beliefs are to be conducted every now and then. For example, complex society like United States is frequently taken into account for research purposes representing dominant culture. Weaver (1999, p2) emphasized, “There is no way to explain the behaviours of Americans unless you know their dominant or mainstream culture”. This implies that every aspects ranging from economic, politic...
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...es reader, 2, 441-450.
Linton, R. (1945). The cultural background of personality. New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Malinowski, B. (1939). The group and the individual in functional analysis. American Journal of Sociology, 44, 938-964.
O' Reilly, C., & Chatman, J. A. (1996). Culture as social control: Corporations, cults, and commitment. In B. M. Staw & L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in Organizational Behavior, Vol. 18 (pp. 287-365). Stamford, CT: JAI Press.
Schusky, E. L., & Culbert, T. P. (1967). Introducing culture. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Tylor, E. B. (1958). Primitive culture. New York, NY: Harper Torchbooks.
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Yinger, J.M. (1982). Countercultures. New York, NY: The Free Press.
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