Over 98% of all organisms that have lived on Earth are now extinct. A mass extinction event occurs when a large number of species die out within a small time frame (relative to the age of Earth). Mass extinctions are intensively studied for both cause and effect, as there is usually room for debate regarding catalysts that precede the extinction and the massive influx of new biological species that follows. There have been five major mass extinctions, dubbed the “Big Five,” that have wiped out at least 50% of the species living at those times. The most well known mass extinction of the Big Five, with the decimation of every species of non-avian dinosaur, is the Cretaceous-Paleogene extinction event (K-Pg). The K-Pg extinction occurred as ongoing natural disasters followed by an asteroid collided with Earth, which affected plant life, animal life, and hydrology (Cobb).
Some paleontologists believe that the global ecosystem had already been on decline before the final blow, an asteroid, destroyed much of life on earth. Continental dr...
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- Cretaceous Extinction Event Causes, Evidence, and Effects on Biodiversity The most significant event of the Cretaceous era came at its end. Nearly 65 million years ago, the second most severe mass extinction in earth’s history occurred. This resulted in the loss of around 80% of species living at the time. Though nowhere near as severe as the end-Permian mass extinction, the end-Cretaceous extinction is the most well known mass extinction event. This is due to the violent event that caused it the extinction, as well as the chapter of earth’s history that it closed: the Dinosaurs.... [tags: mass extinction, dinosaur, asteriord]
1325 words (3.8 pages)
- ... This semi-aquatic dinosaur, Spinosaurus, was much larger than the T-rex due to its sail like backbones that stuck out of its back. Furthermore, spinosaurus had a huge advantage that the tyrannosaurus-rex did not. A Paleontologists job is to study their dinosaur discovery, and to tell us more about this dinosaur in detailed depth, from the height, length, weight, what it ate, and how and why it perished, and so much more. According to a live science, an article written by Joseph Castro, "Spinosaurus means "spine lizard," an appropriate descriptor, as the dinosaur had very long spines growing on its back to form what is referred to as a "sail." The distinctive spines, which grew out of the... [tags: Dinosaur, Cretaceous, Tyrannosaurus]
730 words (2.1 pages)
- The prominent theory is that dinosaurs died in a fiery death due to an asteroid crash on Earth, but is that really what caused their mass extinction. Every scientist has a theory, and with so many out there it was hard to just pick one, they all made sense. It is completely possible for a volcano to have killed the dinosaurs, or even an asteroid. Another popular theory was the ice age. These were all plausible reasons for the extinction of dinosaurs, and that’s when the combination theory was discovered.... [tags: Dinosaur, Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction event]
1735 words (5 pages)
- Part A Permian/Triassic extinction event: The Permian/Triassic extinction event occurred approximately 252 million years ago, it is the most devastating known extinction event, eradicating up to 96% of all marine species and 70% of land dwelling creatures, its aftermath left earth with a significantly decreased biodiversity, resulting in a slow recovery of life, over 10 million years. Marine creatures, suffering a 96% decrease in species diversity was the major group of organisms which suffered the most, due to a variety of reasons, one being the ocean acidification after an increase in carbon dioxide which affects the ability to create skeletons, as well as preventing proper breathing.... [tags: Dinosaur, Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction event]
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- Life Before Humans Over 65 million years ago, dinosaurs roamed and ruled the Earth. They were the top predators and where in an abundance of species. Today, scientist unearth their fossils and put them together to create an image of a lifetime. Even though no one was around when they were alive, we have an idea of what they looked like. If you have ever seen a dinosaur, you would probably think that they all were big giants that ate everything in sight. Although that is true, dinosaurs did eat almost everything, they weren’t all that big.... [tags: Dinosaur, Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction event]
944 words (2.7 pages)
- The Earth is far and away the most biodiverse planet in our solar system, with about 8.7 million more unique species than the other 8 planets (UNEP). However, the Earth’s commanding lead is shrinking; not because the other planets are increasing biodiversity, but because Earth’s is decreasing. According to the World Wildlife Fund, we as a planet are losing 1,000 to 10,000 more species than the natural rate. Since the total number of species is hard to pin down, this can mean anywhere from 200 to 10,000 species going extinct per year (World Wildlife Fund).... [tags: Extinction, Endangered species]
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- Wildlife has been living alongside man for as long as our species has been a part of this world, and the wildlife has even been here longer. You’d think that with man and animal coexisting in each other’s presence we’d respect the wild species that we have now a lot more than we do. Many people, whether they’re aware or not, are slaughtering animals all the way to extinction, and there are definitely more ways than one that humans are partaking in the extinction of endangered animals. We have to clean up our act before it’s too late for these animals, including us.... [tags: Extinction, Endangered species, Plant]
1257 words (3.6 pages)
- Thirteen years ago, wolves were reintroduced to Yellowstone National Park. Of two potential locations considered (Snowflake Springs and Butte Rock) they were placed in the low-risk prey Butte Rock for the purpose of encouraging the wolves to spread out and create packs. Before and during the reintroduction project, Oregon State University researchers measured the rate of willow growth along 2.6 miles of the Gallatin River, which ran through Butte Rock and Snowflake Springs. During their study from 1998 to 2002, the researchers discovered that Snowflake Springs, where the elk were and no wolves lived, the willow growth dropped from 92% to nothing (“How Wolves Help Willows,” 4).... [tags: animals, Yellowstone, Extinction, linguistics,]
1188 words (3.4 pages)
- How dinosaurs went extinct. Seeing as how people always have their eye on the future it’s hard to know our past, for an example with dinosaurs. What exactly happened to them is a mystery; we know that they are extinct but how exactly. There are many types of theories out there like the Asteroid Impact theory, the possibility of the climate changing, and the thought out volcano eruption idea but which of these is accurate. There is more proof to support the impact theory overall and is highly considered to be more accurate among most scientists.... [tags: Dinosaur, Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction event]
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- ABSTRACT Several mass extinctions have occurred during the Earth’s history. The Cretaceous – Tertiary Boundary (K-T) Extinction caused the loss of at least three-quarters of all species known at that time including the dinosaurs. The cause of this mass extinction is a controversial subject among scientists but the fossil evidence of it’s occurrence is abundant. INTRODUCTION The K-T Extinction occurred 65 million years ago. Many species perished in that extinction. Today evidence for this extinction can be seen in the fossil record.... [tags: K-T Extinction]
2446 words (7 pages)