The purpose of this study was to examine self-identified Hmong individuals’ relationships between acculturation and stress influences, focusing on responses to the Suinn-Lew Asian Self Identity Acculturation (SL-ASIA) and Perceived Stress Scale – 10 Item (PSS-10) questionnaires. Through the use of quantitative research, the researcher collected questionnaires from Qualtrics, an online software program. Similar studies, such as this could potentially raise awareness regarding the differences between Asian individuals and the subsequent need to develop customized services for those experiencing acculturation and stress concerns. This chapter is intended to summarize the study’s findings, the relationship to the existing literature, limitations, and implications for future studies.
Summary of Findings
Among the 21 respondents, majority were Hmong (n = 19, 90.5%) who identified as gay (n = 7, 33%). Most of the participants were single (n = 18, 85.7%), born in the United States (n = 17, 82%), in their third year of college (n = 6, 28.6%), employed (n = 17, 82%), either Christian (n = 5, 23.8) or Shaman (n = 5, 23.8), have come out around 12 to 16 years old (n = 12, 57.1%), and have come out to at least one family member (n = 15, 71.4%).
The SL-ASIA was developed by Suinn, Ahuna and Khoo (1992) and is utilized to measure the various levels of acculturation. A score can range from 1 being the least acculturated to 5 being the most acculturated. Majority of the participants’ (n = 21, 100%) responses reported being at a middle range (M = 3.17), perceiving one as bicultural or equally acculturated to both interacting cultures.
Cohen’s (1983) PSS-10 measures the degree to which individuals view their lives as stres...
... middle of paper ...
...esponses since an interviewer did not orally conduct the questionnaires. Respondents may feel discouraged to provide accurate and honest answers as well as feel uncomfortable providing answers that unfavorably present them. Lastly, answering questionnaire options potentially lead to unclear data, such as interpreting certain answers differently. For example, “Fairly Often” as stated in the PSS-10 may represent different meanings to each individual respondent.
Cohen, S., & Janicki-Deverts, D. (2012). Who's stressed? Distributions of psychological stress in the United States in probability samples from 1983, 2006 and 2009. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 42, 1320-1334.
Szymanski, D. M., & Sung, M. R. (2010). Minority Stress and Psychological Distress Among Asian American Sexual Minority Persons 1Ψ7. The Counseling Psychologist, 38(6), 848-872.
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