Examining Classification As An Innate Ability, And Biologists Classify Animals By Shapes And Patterns

Examining Classification As An Innate Ability, And Biologists Classify Animals By Shapes And Patterns

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Disciplinary Comparison
There are a lot of ways to study classification. Psychologists consider classification as an innate ability, and Biologists classify animals by shapes and patterns. Then why Sociology bothers to deal with the issue? Why do Durkheim and Foucault choose to study the topic to represent the significance of Sociology? To Durkheim, he insists the uniqueness of Sociology. Sociology not only can analyze social facts from the perspective of social, but also can study them scientifically in a social science way. On the topic of classification, he said, only Sociology can trace and explain the origin of the logic of classification, since classification is itself a social institution which is socially constructed (dp2). It is not an individual product as Psychologists believe. Although Psychologists attempt to take classification as a result of the distinction of the bonds and affinities between the strongly or weakly linked objects and concepts which seems like considering the relationship between things, they regard it as an outcome of an exercise of individual minds. The mistake of taking classification as a product of the individual is the result of the decline of the social affects which was once putting much pressure on the members of the society. Men built classification system socially, and the system asks men to obey it. However, because the analysis of social affects is too complicated, there is a trend of abdicating the origin of classification to individuals in the scientific analysis of classification. And, the social affects component of classification fades gradually as time goes by (dp94). Durkheim does not claim that analyzing social facts cannot be a kind of psychological task, what he presses is that...


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... point for Foucault to study the complex process that beneath it and which led it to the front today. He tries to solve the problem by the whole book. It is alike a peeling-an-onion process. He explores the process of distinguishing between madness and reason first. Then, he differentiates between madness and another unreason. Third, the development of the separation of the subgroups of madness (mania, and melancholia; hysteria and hypochondria) is discussed. And finally, the discrimination of criminals and madness and the change of relative status between the two are presented. The narrative is from the development of the differentiation of the wider and obvious distinction (madness and another unreason) to the narrower differences of the relative status between the two. And in the meanwhile, he also discussed the middle level differences of the parallel subgroups.

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