The surge of enlightenment in African American culture and history known as the Harlem Renaissance gave birth in 1920s Harlem, New York. The cultural upstir first took rise in areas of the fine arts that consisted of music, dance, painting, and sculpture, and later on, advanced to literary genres featuring poetry, fiction, drama, essay forms and more (Gates and Smith 929). According to Gates and Smith’s short essay, Harlem Renaissance 1919-1940, “African Americans worked not only with a sense of confidence and purpose but also with a new sense of achievement never before experienced by so many black artists in the long, troubled history of the peoples of African descent in North America.” During the Harlem time period, many African Americans migrated to the northern parts of the United States in hopes of better job opportunities due to whites serving in World War I and to escape the brutality the South was bestowing through harsher acts of segregation and lynching (Gate...
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... 940). The converse grew between writers as “Hughes insisted that the black artist must recognize that his or her link to Africa was a precious resource; Cullen preferred to suggest instead that Africa was a source of confusion and ambivalence.” (Gates and Smith 941). Due to opposing views such as these, the movement began to wither.
Overall, the Harlem Renaissance was a vital and necessary asset to the African American culture and nation. Through this movement, Blacks rose from the oppressive actions of White suppressors and began an explosive innovation of fine art culture that not only created a liturgical trend but gave rise to intellectual thought and act. The Harlem Renaissance created an outbreak of artistic and intellectual insight during the mid-19th century that gave rise to cultural art and the famous individuals such as Zora Hurston that helped mold it.
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