Essay on Evolution of Science

Essay on Evolution of Science

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The idea of a world progressing, or evolving, in science hasn’t been around forever. In fact, the Enlightenment period in the seventeen hundreds with scientists such as Isaac Newton the man who discovered gravity, Louis Pasteur the chemist who invented the vaccine to prevent rabies, Charles Darwin the father of evolution, Benjamin Franklin the first scientist to toy with the dangers and possibilities of electricity, and so many more wonderful scientists was the start of the “progress” that revolutionized our world. Of the scientists who progressed our world, few shaped modern biology the way Charles Darwin managed to. Thomas Kuhn saw the progress people like Darwin made not as truth seeking, but simply as filling in another piece of the puzzle of science, challenging the very definition of the Scientific Revolution. After reviewing Kuhn’s idea of science, Darwin appears to play a substantial role in the paradigm shift from the science of old to new. Kuhn looked at Darwin and saw science evolve much as Darwin’s organisms appeared to evolve

Many scientists seemed to play a small role in Kuhn’s paradigm. Newton believed that science could answer questions accurately, if not “nearly” truthfully. Newton still sought the truth, but acknowledged that one scientist could not solve all of the problems of the world, and thus would solve what he could and leave the harder stuff for people of the future. Newton also believed scientists should focus on observable physical matters that they could answer, rather than philosophical ideas that could not be solved. Newton gave Thomas Kuhn an example of a paradigm shift. Before Newton, there was what was considered new science, which had abjured to Aristotle’s old belief system and the...


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...in the idea, this paradigm would be the most believed paradigm of our time. If a brick wall in the paradigm was to happen, then the world of science would once again be in chaos until a new brilliant mind came up with a new workable idea, rather than an idea simply building on the old non-working idea. Thomas Kuhn viewed his ideas of science as though science was Darwin’s organism. The strong and most ideally fit ideas were the ones to survive. In ages where young scientists, like Einstein, Darwin, and Newton are open to new possibilities when old possibilities prove unsuccessful, shifts in science occur, where only the strongest ideas survive. Darwin believed in survival of the fittest, and Kuhn based his beliefs on survival of the fittest idea for its time. Therefore, the entire makeup of Thomas Kuhn’s science was based on the ideologies of Charles Darwin.

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Essay on Evolution of Science

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