The Evolution of Modern Humans Essays

The Evolution of Modern Humans Essays

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Human history has been traced back thousands and tens of thousands of years to the great apes. The evolution of modern humans as they are known today can be linked to and possibly attributed to the ancestors, great apes. It could be said that without great apes, humans today would not be the same. After all, humans and great apes share 99% of the same genome. Now these ancestors are in danger, they face extinction. Not only one species of great ape, but all of them are currently facing the threat of becoming obsolete. One article states that most of the ape populations in the world range somewhere from 'endangered' to 'critically endangered’ ("Facing Up To Endangered Apes", 2003). The same article predicts that within the next fifteen years, only 10% of apes’ virgin habitat in Africa will still exist ("Facing up To Endangered Apes", 2003). Of the great apes, the species confronted with the largest threat are Pan paniscus, or bonobo apes who are endemic to the lowland rainforests of the Democratic Republic of Congo (referred hereafter as “DRC”) (Hickey et. al., 2013). According to the IUCN Red List (Fruth et. al., 2008) bonobos have been classified as an endangered species since 1996 but were labeled as vulnerable in 1986. Speculative estimates put the bonobo population at between 29,500 and 50,000 individuals although there are no completely accurate numbers and any estimate should be approached with caution (Fruth et. al., 2008). Numerous factors contribute to the elimination of bonobos as a species including but not limited to; illicit trade, habitat loss from deforestation and development, war, political and economic conflict. All of these play some part in the decline of the bonobo population and will lead to the eventual exti...


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...engola, Albert Lotana Lokasola, Alain Lushimba, Fiona Maisels, Joel Masselink, Valentin Mbenzo, Norbert Mbangia Mulavwa, Pascal Naky, Nicolas Mwanza Ndunda, Pele Nkumu, Valentin Omasombo, Gay Edwards Reinartz, Robert Rose, Tetsuya Sakamaki, Samantha Strindberg, Hiroyuki Takemoto, Ashley Vosper, and Hjalmar S. Kühl. "Human Proximity and Habitat Fragmentation Are Key Drivers of the Rangewide Bonobo Distribution." Biodiversity and Conservation 22.13-14 (2013): 3085-104. 2013. Web. 08 Apr. 2014.
Nakoney, Janet, Giuseppe Molinario, Peter Potapov, Svetlana Turubanova, Matthew C. Hansen, and Takeshi Furuichi. "Impacts of Civil Conflict on Primary Forest Habitat in Northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1990-2010." Impacts of Civil Conflict on Primary Forest Habitat in Northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1990-2010. Science Direct, 18 Feb. 2014. Web. 08 Apr. 2014.

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