How do we explain, predict and control human behavior? This question remains a central underlying theme within psychology as a whole. Few specific branches of psychology have attempted to integrate multiple perspectives within their fields of research. Evolutionary psychology appears to be unique in this endeavor, and as the following researchers point out, “Evolutionary psychology is the long-forestalled scientific attempt to assemble out of the disjointed, fragmentary, and mutually contradictory human disciplines a single, logically integrated research framework for the psychological, social, and behavioural sciences—a framework that not only incorporates the evolutionary sciences on a full and equal basis, but that systematically works out all of the revisions in existing belief and research practice that such a synthesis requires” (Tooby & Cosmides, 2005)
A unification of this type is unquestionably an enormous undertaking, but as the following review ventures, it is likely to be a worthwhile contribution to a number of existing disciplines.
2. Goals and Theoretical Framework
In order to reach any type of conclusion with regard to how much of human behaviour can be explained by an evolutionary psychology framework, it is necessary to understand what the goals of such a subject area are: “The goal of evolutionary psychology is to study human behaviour as the product of evolved psychological mechanisms that depend on internal and environmental input for their development, activation, and expression in manifest behaviour.” (Buss, et al., 2010)
Like physiology, anatomy and biology, evolutionary psychology examines human behaviour from a Darwinian perspective. That is, like physical traits, psychological ...
... middle of paper ...
...at seem to contradict Darwinian Theory and either significantly reduce or eliminate an organism’s fitness. However, that is not to say such an explanation within evolutionary psychology cannot exist, it merely means a sufficient one does not currently exist.
Undoubtedly, the claim that all human behaviour can be explained by evolutionary psychology in some way is an ambitious one, but that is perhaps because evolutionary psychology attempts an ambitious goal: to unify not only psychological disciplines, but also the anthropological, sociological and biological. With this in mind, it is easier to see how the foregoing conclusion might be possible, probable even. At the very least, it is undeniable that evolutionary psychology provides a foundation with which to explore and interpret human behaviour even in spite of those subjects with which it says little about.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In this lecture Professor Robert, Sapolski starts of with two skills on the table and that by just looking at the skull we can see a lot about what type of animal we are looking at. The next step is to figure out what kind of behavior the animal has, for example, does it cheats, does it have a lot of aggression and his life expectancy. This lecture is all about the principles three building blocks, the optimization of evolution of behavior, kin selection, and receptacle altruism; the things we need to understand about evolutionary behavior of all organisms.... [tags: Natural selection, Evolution, Charles Darwin]
709 words (2 pages)
- 1. Introduction How do we explain, predict and control human behavior. This question remains a central underlying theme within psychology as a whole. Few specific branches of psychology have attempted to integrate multiple perspectives within their fields of research. Evolutionary psychology appears to be unique in this endeavor, and as the following researchers point out, “Evolutionary psychology is the long-forestalled scientific attempt to assemble out of the disjointed, fragmentary, and mutually contradictory human disciplines a single, logically integrated research framework for the psychological, social, and behavioural sciences—a framework that not only incorporates the evolutionary... [tags: Evolutionary Psychology]
1952 words (5.6 pages)
- The concept of extinction in behavior analysis refers to the ending of a reinforcer, causing the target behavior to cease over time (Cooper, 2007). For extinction to occur, there are three criteria that must be present. The first refers to a behavior that was reinforced at one point. One example of a common reinforcement strategy is a baby crying in the crib. The child will cry, the parents will enter the room- this positively reinforces the child 's’ crying, leading to an increase of the behavior in the future.... [tags: Operant conditioning, Classical conditioning]
729 words (2.1 pages)
Microstructural Evolution, Mechanical Properties and Corrosion Behavior of Low Cost Ti-Fe-O-N Alloys
- MICROSTRUCTURAL EVOLUTION, MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND CORROSION BEHAVIOUR OF LOW COST Ti-Fe-O-N (alpha-beta) ALLOYS 1. INTRODUCTION Titanium and its alloys are highly recognized materials used for advanced applications such as aerospace, biomedical and chemical industries . This is attributed to the excellent physical and mechanical properties exhibited by these alloys. Some of these properties include low density, specific strength, corrosion resistance, non magnetic and high temperature resistance.... [tags: materials for advanced applications]
1592 words (4.5 pages)
- The theory of human evolution, contrary to creationism, which is the belief that “all present life-forms were spontaneously created at one point in time” is a scientific theory which proposes that the human species branched off from apes millions of years ago. In its simplest definition, evolution is the idea that changes within a species occur progressively over time, thus all lifeforms on the planet today have descended from earlier ones that existed long ago. The man responsible for popularizing the theory of evolution was English biologist Charles Darwin, who devoted his life to systematically finding evidence to support the concept.... [tags: Evolution, Charles Darwin, Natural selection]
1188 words (3.4 pages)
- Fish in a Fish Bowl “This is the true story… of seven strangers… picked to live in a house… work together and have their lives taped… to find out what happens… when people stop being polite… and start getting real” (Robinson par. 8). The reality television program, The Real World, by MTV, had its first airing in 1992 and is one of the longest-running shows in MTV history. Initially, the program was designed as an outlet for young individuals to express common issues of adulthood ranging from prejudice, religion, AIDS, sex, and substance abuse, but eventually it evolved into a showcase for immature and reckless behaviors.... [tags: MTV, reckless behavior]
939 words (2.7 pages)
- Genetic drift decreases genetic variation in a population. It is very important mechanism in addition to natural selection that causes evolution. The process of evolution has been explained through various evolutionary methods in particular molecular phylogenies. Scientists have become very interested in learning about other mechanism beside natural selection that can explain evolution. Natural selection is very important to mechanism that helps explain factors such as morphology, behavior that are related to phenotype which can affect reproduction and survival of an animal.... [tags: Gene, DNA, Evolution, Natural selection]
718 words (2.1 pages)
- Normal sexual behavior can be defined as sexual acts that society deems acceptable. This includes heterosexual sex and the absence of foreign objects. Our society’s views and perceptions of what normal sexual behavior includes continues to evolve. Additionally, there is an understanding that abnormal sexual acts should remain private to void judgement and ridicule. It appears that normal sex is sex that is acceptable. But, what is acceptable. The more I consider answering this question, I understand that defining normal sexual behavior is relative.... [tags: Human sexual behavior, Sexual intercourse]
725 words (2.1 pages)
- Psychology has been commonly considered the study of the mind and thought processes that lead to behaviors. Hence, it should be easy to conceive why psychologists undertook the challenge of understanding aggression in youth. In this case, youths will be operationally defined to include children as well as adolescents. Aggression in youths has been a topic of discussion many individuals, parents and psychologists, have tried to characterize and control beginning around the 1950s (1). However, because there was a lack of empirical evidence to support lingering past theories about the origins of aggression and how it should be defined, it was difficult to identify a theory which adequately ex... [tags: behavior, intention, harmful]
1114 words (3.2 pages)
- Psychological disorders could be better defined. It is described as mental or behavior pattern that cause a person suffering and is not seen as socially acceptable of normal. The field is growing each year and they are developing a better understanding of how to diagnose and treat the disease. After reading about the DSM-IV-TR it does seem like a more efficient resource for strictly psychological diseases does need to be produced especially, because the amount of psychological disorders has grown so much in the past 60 years and will continue to grow.... [tags: mental behavior, psychological disorders]
581 words (1.7 pages)