Everything That Rises Must Converge By Flannery O ' Connor Essay

Everything That Rises Must Converge By Flannery O ' Connor Essay

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Flannery O’Connor’s “Everything That Rises Must Converge” is a short story that centers around the irony created through the twisted and volatile relationship between a young man, Julian, and his mother. The story deals with an intense element of hypocrisy and conceit within this relationship, and uses the tension to explore conflicting social perspectives. The point of view in a story is the vantage point from which a writer tells that story. O’Connor employs a specific point of view throughout the story to better convey its central idea to the reader and the purpose of this paper will be to explore that notion.
The central idea in “Everything That Rises Must Converge” is that ideological differences are not enough to overcome personal characteristics or identity. This story uses the third person limited point of view, in which there is a third person narrator, despite readers being privy to a specific character’s thoughts and feelings. O’Connor employs the “limited” aspect of the story’s point of view using Julian as the central consciousness to share with readers Julian’s inner monologue and thoughts, while the author maintains the third person aspect to allow the story to have a narrator removed from the events of the story which is able to provide alternate insight as the story unfolds.
As the events of the story progress, it becomes more and more clear to readers that Julian’s contempt for his mother’s conservative nature and values has strong roots within his own narcissistic identity. Readers are able to realize this only through O’Connor’s use of the “limited” aspect in the story’s point of view. Having more or less direct access to Julian’s thoughts and feelings about himself—as well as towards his mother—reveal his true...


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...monologues Julian ponders throughout the story, it would be difficult to claim he was ever in a wrong mindset or that he ever truly would wish harm upon his mother. However, since readers do have access to these realities, Julian’s character seems much more interesting to them, whether good or bad.
Breaking down point of view in stories can be helpful in determining the central idea, as the two concepts typically support one another. An author such as O’Connor has the ability when writing narrative to use whichever point of view they feel best portrays the story they are telling in the way they would like readers to understand it. By including and excluding certain bits of information, the author can present the story the way they choose, with the option to leave as many or as few subtle or obvious details within the narration as they would like to reveal to readers.

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